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A dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) has been implicated in major depressive disorder and most commonly used animal models of depression have been shown to elevate circulating levels of plasma corticosterone. We have compared the effects of chronic and acute corticosterone administration on hippocampal cell proliferation (as measured by(More)
In several pedigrees of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD), point mutations in the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene are genetically linked to the disease. This finding implicates APP in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease in these individuals. To understand the in vivo function of APP and its processing, we have generated an(More)
The medial olivocochlear (MOC) efferent system is an important component of an active mechanical outer hair cell system in mammals. An extensive neurophysiological literature demonstrates that the MOC system attenuates the response of the cochlea to sound by reducing the gain of the outer hair cell mechanical response to stimulation. Despite a growing(More)
Slow waves are rhythmic depolarizations that underlie mechanical activity of many smooth muscles. Slow waves result through rhythmic Ca(2+) release from intracellular Ca(2+) stores through inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) sensitive receptors and Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release. Ca(2+) oscillations are transformed into membrane depolarizations by(More)
To maintain bone mass during bone remodelling, coupling is required between bone resorption and bone formation. This coordination is achieved by a network of autocrine and paracrine signalling molecules between cells of the osteoclastic lineage and cells of the osteoblastic lineage. Mathematical modelling of signalling between cells of both lineages can(More)
The present data were collected in humans to characterize the effects of monaural and binaural stimulation and contralateral noise on the 2f1-f2 distortion-product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) adaptation response. DPOAE levels (f2/f1=1.21, L1=70 dB SPL, L2=65 dB SPL) were measured in both ears for a range of f2 frequencies (1.2 to 10.0 kHz). The f2(More)
Bone remodelling is carried out by 'bone multicellular units' ([Formula: see text]s) in which active osteoclasts and active osteoblasts are spatially and temporally coupled. The refilling of new bone by osteoblasts towards the back of the [Formula: see text] occurs at a rate that depends both on the number of osteoblasts and on their secretory activity. In(More)
Recent studies lead to the conclusion that focused attention, through the activity of corticofugal and medial olivocochlear (MOC) efferent pathways, modulates activity at the most peripheral aspects of the auditory system within the cochlea. In two experiments, we investigated the effects of different intermodal attention manipulations on the response of(More)
Laboratory diagnosis is important to distinguish influenza from other respiratory virus infections. It will be especially important in detecting the first cases of pandemic influenza. Good quality respiratory tract sampling is needed to maximise diagnostic yield in influenza infection. In the appropriate clinical setting, pandemic strain-specific nucleic(More)
Wnt/β-catenin signalling regulates cell fate, survival, proliferation and differentiation at many stages of mammalian development and pathology. Mutations of two key proteins in the pathway, APC and β-catenin, have been implicated in a range of cancers, including colorectal cancer. Activation of Wnt signalling has been associated with the stabilization and(More)