David W. Shwalb

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Authors' Note: Appreciation is expressed to Hiroshi Azuma, Yoshimatsu Shibata, Kiyoshi Asakawa, Ki -yoshi Akabane, Terunobu Nagao, Yoshihiro Nagai, Kazutaka Furuhata, Harold Stevenson, Richard Fowles, Hiroshi Kurimoto, and the students and staff of the Tokyo University Attached Secondary School. The first author was a U.S. Department of Education Fulbrig ht(More)
Ninety one middle-class Japanese women recalled and compared the roles of their husbands as fathers, at different stages of their college-age daughters' lives. They also compared the fathers with their own fathers, and described the problems faced by fathers in their generation. Most participants were from small cities and towns in the Tokai region (Aichi,(More)
This article illustrates that the roles of fathers are highly variable and context-dependent. Research data from five diverse societies (Brazil, Bangladesh, Russia, Japan, and Australia) show that fathers, fathering, and fatherhood differ within societies according to eight types of contextual influence. Examples are provided of each contextual factor: (1)(More)
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