David W. Schulz

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The preclinical pharmacology of the alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) partial agonist varenicline, a novel smoking cessation agent is described. Varenicline binds with subnanomolar affinity only to alpha4beta2 nAChRs and in vitro functional patch clamp studies in HEK cells expressing nAChRs show that varenicline is a partial agonist with(More)
Herein we describe a novel series of compounds from which varenicline (1, 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-6,10-methano-6H-pyrazino[2,3-h][3]benzazepine) has been identified for smoking cessation. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) mediate the dependence-producing effects of nicotine. We have pursued alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor partial agonists to(More)
Here we describe the properties of CP-154,526, a potent and selective nonpeptide antagonist of corticotropin (ACTH) releasing factor (CRF) receptors. CP-154,526 binds with high affinity to CRF receptors (Ki < 10 nM) and blocks CRF-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in membranes prepared from rat cortex and pituitary. Systemically administered CP-154,526(More)
This is a record of the concentrations of the nonenzyme components of the Embden-Meyerhof system in mouse brain measured at brief intervals after the production of complete ischemia by decapitation. All of the 18 recognized active components were looked for. Of these, 1,3-diphosphoglycerate did not reach levels measurable by the procedures used. Additional(More)
Ziprasidone (CP-88,059) is a combined 5-HT (serotonin) and dopamine receptor antagonist which exhibits potent effects in preclinical assays predictive of antipsychotic activity. Whereas the compound is a dopamine antagonist in vitro and in vivo, its most potent action is antagonism of 5-HT2A receptors, where its affinity is an order of magnitude greater(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor 1 (CRF(1)) receptor antagonists may represent a novel group of drugs for the pharmacotherapy of depression and/or anxiety disorders. We have investigated the behavioral, endocrine, and neurochemical effects of chronic administration of a selective CRF(1) receptor antagonist, CP-154,526. After 9 to 10 days of treatment with(More)
Bilateral injection of 3.5 micrograms of colchicine into two levels of the dentate gyrus produced a selective loss of dentate granule cells and persistent behavioral effects in male Fischer rats. Histological analysis confirmed that this dosage of colchicine resulted in the selective loss of most granule cells in both superior and inferior blades of the(More)