David W Saffen

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Recent studies in invertebrates indicate that a rapid genomic response to neuronal stimulation has a critical role in long-term changes in synaptic efficacy. Because several of the genes (immediately early genes; IEGs) that respond rapidly to growth factor stimulation of vertebrate cells in vitro are also activated by neuronal stimulation in vivo, attention(More)
Administration of the convulsants pentylenetetrazole (Metrazole) or picrotoxin to rats caused a dramatic increase in mRNAs of four putative transcription factor genes, zif/268, c-jun, jun-B, and c-fos, in neurons of the hippocampus and dentate gyrus, as well as other areas of the cerebral cortex, including pyriform cortex and cingulate cortex. The increase(More)
In this study, we report the molecular cloning of cDNAs encoding three distinct isoforms of rat (r) TRP6 Ca(2+) channels. The longest isoform, rTRP6A, contains 930 amino acid residues; rTRP6B lacks 54 amino acids (3-56) at the N terminus, and rTRP6C is missing an additional 68 amino acids near the C terminus. Transient transfection of COS cells with(More)
An insertion/deletion polymorphism in the SERT linked promoter region (SERTLPR), previously reported to regulate mRNA expression in vitro, has been associated with mental disorders and response to psychotropic drugs. Contradictory evidence, however, has raised questions about the role of SERTLPR in regulating mRNA expression in vivo. We have used analysis(More)
In this study we examined the contribution of MAPK1 and 2 [also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)-1 and 2] to the induction of zif268 mRNA in PC12D cells by using two methods to block the activation of these kinases. In one set of experiments, we inhibited the activation of MAPK by pretreating cells with PD098059, a specific inhibitor of(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that several transcription factor genes are rapidly activated by neuronal stimulation. For example, we have found that prolonged and repeated seizure activity produced by administration of chemical convulsants induces a rapid and transient increase in mRNA levels of four immediate early genes in rat brain. These genes,(More)
Common genetic variants that regulate gene expression are widely suspected to contribute to the etiology and phenotypic variability of complex diseases. Although high-throughput, microarray-based assays have been developed to measure differences in mRNA expression among independent samples, these assays often lack the sensitivity to detect rare mRNAs and(More)
Tryptophan hydroxylase isoform 2 (TPH2) is expressed in serotonergic neurons in the raphe nuclei, where it catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of the neurotransmitter serotonin. In search for functional polymorphisms within the TPH2 gene locus, we measured allele-specific expression of TPH2 mRNA in sections of human pons containing the dorsal(More)
Peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM; EC 1.14.17.3) is a copper-, molecular oxygen-, and ascorbate-dependent enzyme which catalyzes the COOH-terminal amidation of bioactive peptides. Expression of PAM in the adult male rat anterior pituitary was evaluated after experimental manipulation of thyroid status. Levels of PAM mRNA increased 4- to(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variation in mRNA expression plays a critical role in human phenotypic diversity, but it has proven difficult to detect regulatory polymorphisms - mostly single nucleotide polymorphisms (rSNPs). Additionally, variants in the transcribed region, termed here 'structural RNA SNPs' (srSNPs), can affect mRNA processing and turnover. Both rSNPs(More)