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Polycystic ovaries were defined with ultrasound imaging in a series of 173 women who presented to a gynaecological endocrine clinic with anovulation or hirsutism. Polycystic ovaries were found in 26% of women with amenorrhoea, 87% with oligomenorrhoea, and 92% with idiopathic hirsutism--that is, hirsutism but with regular menstrual cycles. Fewer than half(More)
By means of pelvic ultrasonography, a multifollicular ovarian appearance was observed in women with weight-loss-related amenorrhoea. Multifollicular ovaries (MFO) are normal in size or slightly enlarged and filled by six or more cysts 4-10 mm in diameter; in contrast to women with polycystic ovaries (PCO), stroma is not increased. Unlike PCO patients, women(More)
The prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) in normal women of reproductive age was determined by pelvic ultrasound scanning of 257 volunteers who considered themselves to be normal and who had not sought treatment for menstrual disturbances, infertility, or hirsutism. All women had completed a menstrual history questionnaire. 99 women were on oral(More)
Ten women with clomiphene-resistant chronic anovulation associated with polycystic ovary syndrome were treated with purified urinary FSH (urofollitrophin). The gonadotrophin was given s.c. by pulsatile infusion pump starting at a low dose (1 ampoule or 75 U/d) and increasing by 37.5 U/d at weekly stages in an attempt to induce ovulation of a single(More)
Two hundred and sixty-three women with ultrasound-diagnosed polycystic ovary syndrome were studied of whom 91 (35%) were obese (BMI greater than 25 kg/m2). Obese women with PCOS had a greater prevalence of hirsutism (73% compared with 56%) and menstrual disorders than non-obese subjects. Total testosterone and androstenedione concentrations in serum were(More)
Striae distensae (striae: stretch marks) are a common disfiguring condition associated with continuous and progressive stretching of the skin--as occurs during pregnancy. The pathogenesis of striae is unknown but probably relates to changes in those structures that provide skin with its tensile strength and elasticity. Such structures are components of the(More)
To determine whether luteal phase support with vaginal progesterone could improve pregnancy rates in our IVF/GIFT programme, we performed a prospective randomised controlled study. After stimulation with clomiphene citrate/human menopausal gonadotrophin, 123 women received no luteal support and 122 received progesterone pessaries 100 mg b.d. from 48 hours(More)
Twenty-three patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and anovulatory infertility have been treated with bromocriptine. All had previously failed to respond to clomiphene. Twenty had normal serum prolactin concentrations and, of these, four (20%) developed regular ovulatory cycles. All three women with moderate hyperprolactinaemia ovulated regularly on(More)
With the use of pelvic ultrasound imaging we have found that more than half of the women presenting to our clinic with ovulatory disturbances have polycystic ovaries. As a group hirsutism is common, the serum LH, the LH:FSH ratio and serum androgen levels are higher than in other groups of patients with anovulation, but many of the women we studied were(More)