David W. Melton

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The novel locus Prnd is 16 kb downstream of the mouse prion protein (PrP) gene Prnp and encodes a 179 residue PrP-like protein designated doppel (Dpl). Prnd generates major transcripts of 1.7 and 2.7 kb as well as some unusual chimeric transcripts generated by intergenic splicing with Prnp. Like PrP, Dpl mRNA is expressed during embryogenesis but, in(More)
We describe here a mouse line bearing a bovine keratin K5Cre recombinase transgene. These mice showed a dual pattern of Cre-mediated recombination, depending on the parent transmitting the transgene. In paternal transmission, recombination occurred specifically in the skin and stratified epithelia-as expected according to the expression of endogenous(More)
A mutation equivalent to P102L in the human PrP gene, associated with Gerstmann-Straussler syndrome (GSS), has been introduced into the murine PrP gene by gene targeting. Mice homozygous for this mutation (101LL) showed no spontaneous transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) disease, but had incubation times dramatically different from wild-type mice(More)
DNA repair has an essential role in protecting the genome from damage by endogenous and environmental agents. Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes and differences in repair capacity between individuals have been widely documented. For colorectal cancer, the loss of mismatch repair gene activity is a key genetic determinant. Nucleotide excision repair (NER),(More)
Here, we report on the analysis of keratin 18 null mice. Unlike the ablation of K8, which together with K18 is expressed in embryonic and simple adult epithelia, K18 null mice are viable, fertile, and show a normal lifespan. In young K18 null mice, hepatocytes were completely devoid of keratin filaments. Nevertheless, typical desmosomes were formed and(More)
Two recent developments suggest a route to predetermined alterations in mammalian germlines. These are, first, the characterization of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells that can still enter the germline after genetic manipulation in culture and second, the demonstration that homologous recombination between a native target chromosomal gene and exogenous DAN(More)
The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is rising rapidly in a number of countries. The key environmental risk factor is exposure to the ultraviolet (UV) component in sunlight. The nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway deals with the main forms of UV-induced DNA damage. We have investigated the hypothesis that polymorphisms in NER genes constitute genetic(More)
A convenient system for gene targeting that uses hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) minigenes as the selectable marker in HPRT-deficient mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells is described. Improvements to the expression of HPRT minigenes in ES cells were achieved by promoter substitution and the provision of a strong translational initiation signal.(More)
The PrP gene of the host exerts a major influence over the outcome of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) disease, but the mechanism by which this is achieved is not understood. We have introduced a specific mutation into the endogenous murine PrP gene using gene targeting to produce transgenic mice with a single amino acid alteration (proline to(More)