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Nucleophosmin (NPM, B23) is an abundant nucleolar phosphoprotein involved in ribosome biogenesis, and interacts with tumor suppressor proteins p53 and Rb. Here we show that NPM is a UV damage response protein that undergoes nucleoplasmic redistribution and regulates p53 and HDM2 levels and their interaction. By utilizing RNAi approaches and analyses of(More)
Loss of p53 function occurs during the development of most, if not all, tumour types. This paves the way for genomic instability, tumour-associated changes in metabolism, insensitivity to apoptotic signals, invasiveness and motility. However, the nature of the causal link between early tumorigenic events and the induction of the p53-mediated checkpoints(More)
The DNA binding activity of p53 is required for its tumor suppressor function; we show here that this activity is cryptic but can be activated by cellular factors acting on a C-terminal regulatory domain of p53. A gel mobility shift assay demonstrated that recombinant wild-type human p53 binds DNA sequence specifically only weakly, but a monoclonal antibody(More)
The p53-targeted kinases casein kinase 1delta (CK1delta) and casein kinase 1epsilon (CK1epsilon) have been proposed to be involved in regulating DNA repair and chromosomal segregation. Recently, we showed that CK1delta localizes to the spindle apparatus and the centrosomes in cells with mitotic failure caused by DNA-damage prior to mitotic entry. We provide(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor protein is a labile transcription factor that is activated and stabilized in response to a wide range of cellular stresses, through a mechanism involving disruption of its interaction with MDM2, a negative regulatory partner. Induction of p53 by DNA damage additionally involves a series of phosphorylation and acetylation(More)
The p53 protein is modified by as many as 50 individual posttranslational modifications. Many of these occur in response to genotoxic or nongenotoxic stresses and show interdependence, such that one or more modifications can nucleate subsequent events. This interdependent nature suggests a pathway that operates through multiple cooperative events as opposed(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor protein is a highly potent transcription factor which, under normal circumstances, is maintained at low levels through the action of MDM2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase which directs p53 ubiquitylation and degradation. Expression of the mdm2 gene is stimulated by p53 and this reciprocal relationship forms the basis of a negative feedback(More)
The p53 and NF-kappaB transcription factor families are important, multifunctional regulators of the cellular response to stress. Here we have investigated the regulatory mechanisms controlling p53-dependent cell cycle arrest and cross talk with NF-kappaB. Upon induction of p53 in H1299 or U-2 OS cells, we observed specific repression of cyclin D1 promoter(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein is thought to play a major role in the defense of the cell against agents that damage DNA. In this report, we describe the identification and characterization of a protein kinase that phosphorylates mouse p53 at a single site, serine 34, a major site of phosphorylation in the cell. The protein kinase is activated strikingly(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor protein plays a central role in the cellular defence against agents which cause genetic damage. The activity of p53 is regulated at different levels and is subject to multi-site phosphorylation by a variety of different protein kinases. In this paper we have characterised p53 N-terminus-targeted protein kinase (p53NK) activities,(More)