David W. Maughan

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Myosin regulatory light chain is phosphorylated by myosin light chain kinase at conserved serine and threonine residues in a number of species. Phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain regulates smooth muscle contraction, but appears to have a modulatory role in striated muscle contraction. We assessed the in vivo role of myosin regulatory light(More)
We examine how the structure and function of indirect flight muscle (IFM) and the entire flight system of Drosophila melanogaster are affected by phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (MLC2). This integrated study uses site-directed mutagenesis to examine the relationship between removal of the myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) phosphorylation(More)
This review summarizes a variety of estimates for the concentrations of the principal cytosolic constituents in frog skeletal muscle. From these estimates (listed in the APPENDIX), we chose representative values and used electroneutrality and osmotic considerations to ensure that all major constituents have been considered. Given total cytosolic(More)
Atomic force microscopy was used to investigate the surface morphology and transverse stiffness of myofibrils from Drosophila indirect flight muscle exposed to different physiologic solutions. I- and A-bands were clearly observed, and thick filaments were resolved along the periphery of the myofibril. Interfilament spacings correlated well with estimates(More)
We created a mouse that lacks a functional alpha-tropomyosin gene using gene targeting in embryonic stem cells and blastocyst-mediated transgenesis. Homozygous alpha-tropomyosin "knockout" mice die between embryonic day 9.5 and 13.5 and lack alpha-tropomyosin mRNA. Heterozygous alpha-tropomyosin knockout mice have approximately 50% as much cardiac(More)
Small-angle x-ray diffraction from isolated muscle preparations is commonly used to obtain time-resolved structural information during contraction. We extended this technique to the thoracic flight muscles of living fruit flies, at rest and during tethered flight. Precise measurements at 1-ms time resolution indicate that the myofilament lattice spacing(More)
X-ray diffraction of the indirect flight muscle (IFM) in living Drosophila at rest and electron microscopy of intact and glycerinated IFM was used to compare the effects of mutations in the regulatory light chain (RLC) on sarcomeric structure. Truncation of the RLC N-terminal extension (Dmlc2(Delta2-46)) or disruption of the phosphorylation sites by(More)
We investigated the effects of aging on Drosophila melanogaster indirect flight muscle from the whole organism to the actomyosin cross-bridge. Median-aged (49-day-old) flies were flight impaired, had normal myofilament number and packing, barely longer sarcomeres, and slight mitochondrial deterioration compared with young (3-day-old) flies. Old (56-day-old)(More)
Despite the fundamental role of thick filaments in muscle contraction, little is known about the mechanical behavior of these filaments and how myosin-associated proteins dictate differences between muscle types. In this study, we used atomic force microscopy to study the morphological and mechanical properties of fully hydrated native thick filaments(More)
We have developed a reverse-genetic approach to study the function of flightin, a unique protein of the flight muscle myofibril of Drosophila melanogaster. We describe the generation and characterization of Df(3L)fln1, a lethal genetic deficiency in the 76BE region of the third chromosome which deletes several genes, including the gene for flightin. We show(More)