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Powerful masticatory muscles are found in most primates, including chimpanzees and gorillas, and were part of a prominent adaptation of Australopithecus and Paranthropus, extinct genera of the family Hominidae. In contrast, masticatory muscles are considerably smaller in both modern and fossil members of Homo. The evolving hominid masticatory(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of tongue-lip adhesion (TLA) in the management of clinically significant airway obstruction associated with Pierre Robin sequence. DESIGN The records of all children admitted to The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with a diagnosis of Pierre Robin sequence were reviewed. Charts were(More)
Of the 261 nonsyndromic patients we studied, over 90% had minimal or absent hypernasality, almost 86% had inconsistent or no nasal emission, and 95% had no articulation errors related to velar function. The patients with a Pittsburgh score indicating an incompetent velopharyngeal mechanism comprised only about 6% of the group. Ninety-four percent had a(More)
Damage control laparotomy for life-threatening abdominal conditions has gained wide acceptance in the management of exsanguinating trauma patients as well as septic patients with acute abdomen. Survivors considered too ill to undergo definitive abdominal wall closure are temporized, often with skin grafting on granulated viscera. These maneuvers compromise(More)
AIM To evaluate a single institutional experience with percutaneous sclerotherapy of venous malformations (VM) of the foot. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen patients (mean age 14.6 years; range 6-27.3 years), who underwent 34 sclerotherapy procedures were retrospectively analysed. Technical success, Puig classification, VM size reduction, and the(More)
This study investigated the body image concerns of women who sought cosmetic breast augmentation. Thirty breast augmentation candidates completed several measures of body image before their initial surgical consultation. Thirty physically similar women who were not interested in breast augmentation were recruited from the medical center and university(More)
BACKGROUND Microvascular free-tissue transfer is a reliable pillar of reconstructive surgery, yet pedicle thrombosis remains a challenge. The authors examined the phenomenon of late venous thrombosis (after postoperative day 3) and detail a method of flap salvage that can be utilized following this microvascular insult. METHODS A retrospective review was(More)
BACKGROUND The muscular dystrophies exemplify a class of systemic disorders for which widespread protein replacement in situ is essential for treatment of the underlying genetic disorder. Somatic gene therapy will require efficient, scale-independent transport of DNA-containing macromolecular complexes too large to cross the continuous endothelia under(More)
LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe embryonic and fetal mandibular development. 2. Summarize the aggregate changes in mandibular form from birth to puberty. 3. Describe the eruption and maturation of the deciduous and permanent mandibular dentition. BACKGROUND In this, the first of two articles(More)