David W. L. Hukins

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AIM To evaluate evidence for involvement of the lower limb in spinal function and low back pain (LBP). DESIGN A hypothesis based on a critical review of the relevant biomechanical and clinical literature. RESULTS The spine resembles an inverted pendulum that supports the weight of the upper body; its stability requires a moving base that is provided by(More)
This study describes a computational method for predicting the mechanical response of any configuration of the Ilizarov external fixation system. Mechanical testing of each of the individual components (ring, threaded rod, and wire) of the Ilizarov system was used to determine the stiffness of each component. Finite element (FE) analysis was then used to(More)
This study was undertaken to measure the amount of slippage of a spinous process hook (that forms part of a flexible fixation system) during flexion. Human cadaveric lumbar spines (10) were fitted with the device. A rig was designed to apply flexural displacements to a spine using a materials testing machine. Spherical markers were attached to the spine and(More)
A quantitative method for assessing the kinematics of the knee in the sagittal plane has been developed in order to evaluate the role of the anterior cruciate ligament following injury and reconstruction. Measurements were made on a series of lateral radiographs obtained at different angles of flexion with the limb weight-bearing and the foot and ankle(More)
This study tests the hypothesis that screw toggling will reduce the pullout strength of bone screws. Pullout strength of cortical (cylindrical) and cancellous (tapered by 4°) bone screws were measured without and after toggling (movement caused by a force perpendicular to the screw axis) by ± 1 mm in polyurethane foam intended to mimic normal (density 0.32(More)
A new method has been developed for quantifying knee kinematics during flexion. This method was used to measure knee kinematics from lateral radiographs taken at different angles of flexion with the two femoral condyles superimposed in each image, thus standardizing the plane of flexion-extension. When applied to the radiogaphs of five healthy male(More)
Confounding factors, bias factors and hidden variables affect the design of experiments involving animal models. In a frequently used dog model for osteoarthritis these can arise, for example, because of the influence of age, sex and breed of dog. Controls are required to investigate the progression of osteoarthritis even in experiments forming time series.(More)
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