David W. Hoskin

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In spite of great advances in cancer therapy, there is considerable current interest in developing anticancer agents with a new mode of action because of the development of resistance by cancer cells towards current anticancer drugs. A growing number of studies have shown that some of the cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which are toxic to bacteria(More)
Cancer treatment by conventional chemotherapy is hindered by toxic side effects and the frequent development of multi-drug resistance by cancer cells. Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) are a promising new class of natural-source drugs that may avoid the shortcomings of conventional chemotherapy because certain CAPs exhibit selective cytotoxicity(More)
Bovine lactoferricin (LfcinB) is a cationic antimicrobial peptide that kills Jurkat T-leukemia cells by the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. However, the process by which LfcinB triggers mitochondria-dependent apoptosis is not well understood. Here, we show that LfcinB-induced apoptosis in Jurkat T-leukemia cells was preceded by LfcinB binding to, and(More)
Thy-1 (CD90) is a small GPI-anchored protein that is particularly abundant on the surface of mouse thymocytes and peripheral T cells. T cell proliferation and cytokine synthesis in response to Thy-1 cross-linking by specific mAb suggests a role for Thy-1 in mouse T lymphocyte activation. However, a physiological ligand or counterreceptor for murine Thy-1 in(More)
The purine nucleoside adenosine (9-beta-D-ribofuranosyladenine) inhibits a number of lymphocyte functions in vitro, including the ability of activated T lymphocytes and natural killer cells to adhere to and kill tumor targets. Solid tumors, such as adenocarcinomas of the lung and colon, are frequently hypoxic and are, therefore, likely to exhibit increased(More)
Bovine lactoferricin (LfcinB) is a cationic, amphipathic peptide that is cytotoxic for human and rodent cancer cells. However, the mechanism by which LfcinB causes the death of cancer cells is not well understood. Here, we show that in vitro treatment with LfcinB rapidly induced apoptosis in several different human leukemia and carcinoma cell lines as(More)
Angiogenesis in the animal model of multiple sclerosis experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-2. We determined whether VEGF blockade with the anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody bevacizumab could inhibit angiogenesis and affect peripheral pathogenic immune responses in EAE. Mice(More)
Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) defend against microbial pathogens; however, certain CAPs also exhibit anticancer activity. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of the pleurocidin-family CAPs, NRC-03 and NRC-07, on breast cancer cells. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and acid phosphatase(More)
Mast cells are crucial effector cells in the immune response through mediator secretion and release of cytokines. A coordinated balance between protein kinases and phosphatases plays an essential role in the regulation of mast cell mediator secretion. We have previously shown that treatment of mast cells with okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase 2A(More)
The resistance of many human cancers to immune-based therapies, including adoptive immunotherapy and the administration of therapeutic cancer vaccines, has been attributed to tumor-associated immune suppression, due in part to immunosuppressive molecules located within the tumor microenvironment. Adenosine is a purine nucleoside found within the(More)