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PD 0332991 is a highly specific inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) (IC50, 0.011 micromol/L) and Cdk6 (IC50, 0.016 micromol/L), having no activity against a panel of 36 additional protein kinases. It is a potent antiproliferative agent against retinoblastoma (Rb)-positive tumor cells in vitro, inducing an exclusive G1 arrest, with a concomitant(More)
A small molecule called PD 153035 inhibited the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase with a 5-pM inhibition constant. The inhibitor was specific for the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase and inhibited other purified tyrosine kinases only at micromolar or higher concentrations. PD 153035 rapidly suppressed autophosphorylation of the EGF receptor(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase involved in integrin-mediated control of cell behavior. Following cell adhesion to components of the extracellular matrix, FAK becomes phosphorylated at multiple sites, including tyrosines 397, 576, and 577. Tyr-397 is an autophosphorylation site that promotes interaction with c-Src or(More)
A class of high-affinity inhibitors is disclosed that selectively target and irreversibly inactivate the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase through specific, covalent modification of a cysteine residue present in the ATP binding pocket. A series of experiments employing MS, molecular modeling, site-directed mutagenesis, and 14C-labeling(More)
Overexpression of ErbB-2/HER2 is associated with aggressive human malignancies, and therapeutic strategies targeting the oncoprotein are currently in different stages of clinical application. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that block the nucleotide-binding site of the kinase are especially effective against tumors. Here we report an unexpected activity(More)
Recent evidence indicates that the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor mediates a branch of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced signal transduction pathways that activate mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. However, it is unclear whether the intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity of EGF receptor is involved. We previously showed that reactive oxygen(More)
Progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle requires phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma gene product (pRb) by the cyclin D-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6, whose activity can specifically be blocked by the CDK inhibitor p16(INK4A). Misregulation of the pRb/cyclin D/p16(INK4A) pathway is one of the most common events in human cancer and has lead to(More)
A pharmacological approach to inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (Cdk4/6) using highly selective small molecule inhibitors has the potential to provide novel cancer therapies for clinical use. Achieving high levels of selectivity for Cdk4/6, versus other ATP-dependent kinases, presents a significant challenge. The pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one(More)
Signaling through the erbB receptor family of tyrosine kinases contributes to the proliferation, differentiation, migration, and survival of a variety of cell types. Abnormalities in members of this receptor family have been shown to play a role in oncogenesis, thus making them attractive targets for anticancer treatments. PF-00299804 is a second-generation(More)
Induction of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) mRNA in mouse skin organ culture was blocked by two pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitors but not by genetic ablation of ErbB1, suggesting involvement of multiple ErbB species in skin physiology. Human skin, cultured normal keratinocytes, and A431 skin carcinoma(More)