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PD 0332991 is a highly specific inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) (IC50, 0.011 micromol/L) and Cdk6 (IC50, 0.016 micromol/L), having no activity against a panel of 36 additional protein kinases. It is a potent antiproliferative agent against retinoblastoma (Rb)-positive tumor cells in vitro, inducing an exclusive G1 arrest, with a concomitant(More)
A small molecule called PD 153035 inhibited the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase with a 5-pM inhibition constant. The inhibitor was specific for the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase and inhibited other purified tyrosine kinases only at micromolar or higher concentrations. PD 153035 rapidly suppressed autophosphorylation of the EGF receptor(More)
PD153035 is reported to be a specific and potent inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase and, to a lesser degree, of the closely related HER2/neu receptor. We show that PD153035 inhibits EGF-dependent EGF receptor phosphorylation and suppresses the proliferation and clonogenicity of a wide panel of EGF receptor-overexpressing(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies on bladder cancer have shown nodal involvement to be an independent indicator of prognosis and survival. This study aimed at developing an objective method for detection of nodal metastasis from molecular profiles of primary urothelial carcinoma tissues. METHODS The study included primary bladder tumor tissues from 60 patients(More)
BACKGROUND One in 4 patients with lymph node-negative, invasive colorectal carcinoma (CRC) develops recurrent disease after undergoing curative surgery, and most die of advanced disease. Predicting which patients will develop a recurrence is a significantly growing, unmet medical need. METHODS Archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) primary(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the transport properties of trimetrexate in WI-L2 human lymphoblastoid cells and determine the mode of resistance that had developed in a subline, WI-L2/TMQ, that was grown in increasing concentrations of trimetrexate. WI-L2/TMQ cells were 62-fold resistant to trimetrexate and 68- and 96-fold cross-resistant to(More)
The intracellular accumulation of poly-gamma-glutamyl derivatives of methotrexate was evaluated in the presence of vincristine or probenecid (agents which raise the intracellular level of free methotrexate) in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. The results show that both intracellular methotrexate and its metabolites are increased by these agents and that, in the(More)
Nodal staging has been identified as an independent indicator of prognosis. Quantitative RT-PCR data was taken for 70 genes associated with bladder cancer and genetic programming was used to develop classification rules associated with nodal stages of bladder cancer. This study suggests involvement of several key genes for discriminating between samples(More)
Teniposide (VM-26) and etoposide (VP-16-213) were eval uated for their effects on methotrexate transport and metabo lism in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in vitro. VM-26 (10 JUM) does not alter influx of methotrexate but slows efflux of the drug which leads to an increase in the steady-state level of ex changeable antifolate. VM-26 stimulation of net(More)