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A goal of phylogeography is to relate patterns of genetic differentiation to potential historical geographic isolating events. Quaternary glaciations, particularly the one culminating in the Last Glacial Maximum approximately 21 ka (thousands of years ago), greatly affected the distributions and population sizes of temperate marine species as their ranges(More)
Molecular and biochemical genetic analyses have revealed that many marine invertebrate taxa, including some well-studied and presumably cosmopolitan species, are actually complexes of sibling species. When morphological differences are slight and estimated divergence times are old, data suggest either unusually high rates of sequence evolution or long-term(More)
We have investigated the distribution of several recently inserted Alu family members within representatives of diverse human groups. Human population studies using 65 unrelated human DNA samples, as well as a familial study to test inheritance, showed that individual Alu family members could be divided into three groups. The first group consisted of(More)
The genetic control of 11 electrophoretically detected allozyme polymorphisms in the oyster Crassostrea virginica was investigated in 10 pair crosses. For nine allozyme loci, each offspring shared at least one band (electromorph) with each parent. For the remaining two loci (mannosephosphate isomerase and leucine aminopeptidase-2), some offspring failed to(More)
Considerable controversy surrounds the importance of inbreeding in natural populations. The rate of natural inbreeding and the influences of behavioral mechanisms that serve to promote or minimize inbreeding (e.g., philopatry vs. dispersal) are poorly understood. We studied inbreeding and social structuring of a population of black-tailed prairie dogs(More)
The amplification of DNA by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction enzyme digestion was used to examine five anonymous single-copy nuclear DNA polymorphisms in 11 pair crosses for juvenile oysters (Crassostrea virginica). There was an overall 7% frequency of aberrant (non-Mendelian) offspring genotypes among 174 total pair-cross progeny. Strict(More)
One of our goals for the echinoderm tree of life project ( http://echinotol.org ) is to identify orthologs suitable for phylogenetic analysis from next-generation transcriptome data. The current dataset is the largest assembled for echinoderm phylogeny and transcriptomics. We used RNA-Seq to profile adult tissues from 42 echinoderm specimens from 24 orders(More)