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The causes, therapy for, and consequences of hypernatremia in elderly patients are not well understood. We found that in 15,187 consecutive hospital admissions, 162 (1.1%) patients who were at least 60 years of age had serum sodium levels that measured greater than 148 meq/L. Of that 162, 57% had become hypernatremic in the hospital; the remaining 43% were(More)
The efficacy and toxicity of pentamidine inhaled once a month to prevent Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) was investigated in 102 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or AIDS-related complex (ARC). The cohort was compared with historical controls after a mean duration of prophylaxis of 6.38 months. 86% and 15% of the patients had(More)
PURPOSE Estrogen replacement therapy is believed by many physicians to cause thrombophlebitis and to be contraindicated in women at risk for this disease. However, clinical data supporting this assumption are scant, and further investigation is required. PATIENTS AND METHODS We tested the estrogen-thrombophlebitis association in a case-control study.(More)
BACKGROUND A unique contribution of a comprehensive outpatient geriatric assessment is its focus on social and safety issues in the frail elderly. The impact of such programs depends on the caregiver and/or patient complying with safety and social recommendations offered by the assessment team. Compliance in this setting has not been previously described.(More)
This study was conducted to characterize the recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU) found in association with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, to examine evidence for increased severity of the ulcers with HIV disease, and to determine whether increased severity is associated with abnormalities of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets. Seventy-five(More)
OBJECTIVE To learn about the status of junior faculty in the specialty of pulmonary diseases and about their attitudes concerning their future in academic medicine. DESIGN Mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS A total of 209 junior pulmonary faculty were reported by the directors of the 106 US pulmonary training institutions with at least 3 fellow training(More)
Do the established cardiovascular risk factors for younger persons remain important predictors of cardiovascular disease events and mortality in those who are older? The authors examined this question in the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program pilot project which prospectively followed 551 men and women 60 years of age and older with pretreatment(More)