David W. Cohen

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PURPOSE Approximately 5% of lung adenocarcinomas harbor an EML4-ALK gene fusion and define a unique tumor group that may be responsive to targeted therapy. However ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinomas are difficult to detect by either standard fluorescence in situ hybridization or immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays. In the present study, we used novel(More)
Cells respond to certain soluble factors that bind to cell surface receptors possessing intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity. Overexpression of these molecules has been associated with tumor progression. Enhanced prostatic cancer cell growth in vitro has been reported in the presence of certain growth factors. To characterize the patterns of expression of the(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations (G719X, exon 19 deletions/insertions, L858R, and L861Q) predict favorable responses to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations (~10% of all EGFR mutations) are generally associated with insensitivity to available(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) tissue imaging methods are expected to improve surgical management of cancer. In this study, we examined the feasibility of two 3D imaging technologies, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical coherence microscopy (OCM), to view human breast specimens based on intrinsic optical contrast. Specifically, we imaged 44 ex vivo(More)
We demonstrate photothermal optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging in highly scattering human breast tissue ex vivo. A 120 kHz axial scan rate, swept-source phase-sensitive OCT system at 1300 nm was used to detect phase changes induced by 830 nm photothermal excitation of gold nanoshells. Localized phase modulation was observed 300-600 microm deep in(More)
Neoadjuvant total androgen ablation therapy leads to involutional changes in prostatic carcinoma and may have the potential to downstage operable prostate cancers. We studied 27 clinically localized prostatic carcinomas after 3 months of combined treatment with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist, goserelin acetate, and the antiandrogen(More)
hkhir IUUSCle. LOW COnCeUbi~iOUS (5 t0 50 pM) Of palmitylcarnitine enhance Ca2+-ATPase activity and Ca2+ binding to sarcoplasmic reticulum and enhance [3H]ouabain binding to Na,K-ATPase above equilibrium binding levels but inhibit Na,K-ATPase hydrolytic activity. Increasing concentrations of palmitylcarnitine (50 to 200 PM) further inhibit Na,K-ATPase(More)
MELF invasion has been associated with nonvaginal recurrences and lymph node (LN) metastases in multi-institutional case control studies but has not been well examined in large single-institution cohorts. Hysterectomy specimens with FIGO 1 endometrioid endometrial carcinoma and lymphadenectomies from 2007 to 2012 were identified. Electronic medical records(More)
The tyrosine kinase receptor c-kit and its ligand [kit ligand (KL) or stem cell factor (SCF)] exert a broad range of biological activities during organogenesis and normal cell development. Recent studies have revealed that altered c-kit levels occur in a variety of malignancies and cancer cell lines. KL has also been shown to stimulate the growth of(More)