David W Brandes

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BACKGROUND Adherence to disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) results in the reduction of the number and severity of relapses and delays the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients with lower adherence rates experience more inpatient visits and higher MS-related medical costs. Fingolimod, the first oral DMT approved by the US Food and Drug(More)
Although our understanding of multiple sclerosis (MS) has grown exponentially in the past century and a half, there is still some divergence between physicians' perceptions of effects of MS on patients and those of the patients themselves. This article examines current practices in MS assessment and clinical trial design, highlighting certain deficiencies(More)
BACKGROUND First-line agents approved in the United States for treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS) include intramuscular interferon beta (IFNbeta)-1a, subcutaneous (SC) IFNbeta-1a, SC IFNbeta-1b, and SC glatiramer acetate. Intravenous mitoxantrone is the only agent approved for secondary progressive MS, progressive relapsing MS, and worsening(More)
BACKGROUND In a chronic disabling disorder such as multiple sclerosis (MS), adherence to treatment is of critical importance in maximizing benefits of therapy over the long term. Adverse events (AEs) are often cited by patients who discontinue therapy. METHODS Databases including Medline, CINAHL, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts were searched(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system defined by inflammation, demyelination, and axonal degeneration. MS progresses slowly and usually strikes at a fairly young age, causing both the direct and indirect costs of treating the disease to be very high. The direct costs to treat MS can average up to $30,000 per year;(More)
OBJECTIVES Adherence to medication is essential for optimal outcomes, especially for chronic diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Studies in MS indicate that lower adherence is associated with an increased risk of relapse, hospitalization or emergency room (ER) visits, and higher medical costs. A previous investigation assessed the cost per relapse(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of dose titration and choice of analgesic in reducing flu-like side effects of intramuscular interferon beta-1a (i.m. IFNbeta-1a). METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to receive weekly i.m. IFNbeta-1a, with or without dose titration, plus acetaminophen or ibuprofen. After 27 patients had been randomized, the(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex disease with many therapeutic options. Little is known about how neurologists select particular disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for their patients. OBJECTIVE To understand how neurologists make decisions regarding the prescription of DMTs for patients with MS, and to explore neurologists' experiences with(More)
BACKGROUND Fingolimod is the first oral disease-modifying therapy indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) to reduce the frequency of clinical relapses and delay the progression of physical disability caused by MS. OBJECTIVE To obtain data from MS patients who have taken fingolimod regarding their treatment(More)