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1 When a continuous-time diffusion is observed only at discrete dates, in most cases the transition distribution and hence the likelihood function of the observations is not explicitly computable. Using Hermite polynomials, I construct an explicit sequence of closed-form functions and show that it converges to the true (but unknown) likelihood function. I(More)
We describe here a previously unknown, dominantly inherited, late-onset basal ganglia disease, variably presenting with extrapyramidal features similar to those of Huntington's disease (HD) or parkinsonism. We mapped the disorder, by linkage analysis, to 19q13.3, which contains the gene for ferritin light polypeptide (FTL). We found an adenine insertion at(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the most potent growth factor of tumor neovasculature, has been shown to be up-regulated in every tumor studied thus far, and is correlated with tumor stage and progression. To determine whether specific VEGF splice variants were differentially expressed in renal cell(More)
BACKGROUND Whether exposure to air pollution adversely affects the growth of lung function during the period of rapid lung development that occurs between the ages of 10 and 18 years is unknown. METHODS In this prospective study, we recruited 1759 children (average age, 10 years) from schools in 12 southern California communities and measured lung(More)
CONTEXT Osteoporosis causes substantial morbidity and costs $13.8 billion annually in the United States. Measurement of bone mass by densitometry is a primary part of diagnosing osteoporosis and deciding a preventive treatment course. Bone mineral densitometry has become more widely available and commonly used in practice. OBJECTIVE To review evidence(More)
Growth of new blood vessels (angiogenesis), required for all tumor growth, is stimulated by the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF is up-regulated in all known solid tumors but also in atherosclerosis, diabetic retinopathy, arthritis, and many other conditions. Conventional VEGF isoforms have been universally described as(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The original Whickham Survey documented the prevalence of thyroid disorders in a randomly selected sample of 2779 adults which matched the population of Great Britain in age, sex and social class. The aim of the twenty-year follow-up survey was to determine the incidence and natural history of thyroid disease in this cohort. (More)
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy results from excess blood vessel growth into the vitreous fluid of the eye. Retinal angiogenesis is regulated by expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and many studies have shown that VEGF is critically involved in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. VEGF is alternatively spliced to form the angiogenic(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA; hereafter referred to as VEGF) is a key regulator of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Two families of VEGF isoforms are generated by alternate splice-site selection in the terminal exon. Proximal splice-site selection (PSS) in exon 8 results in pro-angiogenic VEGFxxx isoforms (xxx is the number of(More)
In a prospective study of 157 patients (median age 73 years) admitted to hospital within 72 hours of acute cerebral hemisphere stroke, there was clinical evidence of homonymous hemianopia (HH) as assessed by confrontation in 99 (63%). Patients were followed with serial neurological examinations for 28 days. Complete recovery of visual fields occurred in 14(More)