David W. A. Bourne

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AIM The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which the CYP2C8*3 allele influences pharmacokinetic variability in the drug-drug interaction between gemfibrozil (CYP2C8 inhibitor) and pioglitazone (CYP2C8 substrate). METHODS In this randomized, two phase crossover study, 30 healthy Caucasian subjects were enrolled based on CYP2C8*3(More)
Potential tumor imaging radiopharmaceutical agents have been prepared by attaching a cisplatin derivative to a ligand capable of forming a stable complex with 99mTc. Three new organometallic compounds, with iminodiacetic acid as the 99mTc chelating group and 2,3-diaminopropionamide as the platinum complexing group, have been prepared and characterized.(More)
A physiological flow model was developed for the distribution of sulfathiazole residues in various tissues in swine. The approach was compartmental, in which the compartments and equilibrium constants had physiological meaning. Differential equations were developed, and appropriate parameter values and initial conditions were substituted and solved by a(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of a subcutaneously implanted tissue-chamber model. Thermoplastic tissue chambers were implanted in the paralumbar fossae of six steers. Starting 30 days after implantation, the distribution of intravenously administered antipyrine and phenylbutazone into the tissue chambers was studied.(More)
Previously reported plasma and urine concentrations of unchanged sulfamethazine and 3 metabolites following intravenous administration of sodium sulfamethazine to young ewe lamb were fitted to a linear pharmacokinetic model in which sulfamethazine itself obeyed 1-compartment phamacokinetics. The average rate constant for overall elimination of(More)
The bioavailability of scopolamine in three dosage forms was compared in 12 healthy nonsmoking male volunteers. Subjects received 0.4-mg doses of scopolamine bromide in intravenous (i.v.), intranasal (i.n.), or oral (p.o.) dosage forms on three occasions, with at least 2 weeks separating the doses. Scopolamine concentrations in plasma were determined with a(More)
Propranolol may be uniquely useful in cardiac surgical procedures, since beta adrenergic blockade can prevent the hypokalemia and associated arrhythmias which result from systemic hypothermia. To determine the effects of hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (HCPB) on the in vivo handling of propranolol, serial drug plasma concentrations (Cp) were measured(More)
1. The pharmacokinetic profile and protein binding parameters of ceftriaxone were determined in rat, and compared with those of cefotaxime. 2. Plasma concentration-time curves of ceftriaxone and cefotaxime (single i.v. bolus; 100 mg/kg each) were described by a two-compartment, protein-binding model. 3. The corrected VTss (ml/kg) of ceftriaxone was lower(More)
Date from plasma and urine samples from four ewe lambs were analyzed after administration of sulfamerazine as single IV and oral doses. A two-compartment pharmacokinetic model was developed to describe the disposition of sulfamerazine. The drug was eliminated, primarily by renal excretion of (i) unchanged sulfamerazine and metabolism to an acetyl(More)
BOOMER is an improved version of an earlier non-linear regression program, MULTI-FORTE. Rather than the user writing a FORTRAN subroutine, models are defined by means of the parameters which make up the model. Models based on differential equations are specified by means of zero-order, first-order, or Michaelis-Menten-type rate constants. Doses (in units of(More)