David Viskochil

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OBJECTIVE Neurofibromatosis 1 and neurofibromatosis 2 are autosomal dominant genetic disorders in which affected individuals develop both benign and malignant tumors at an increased frequency. Since the original National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference in 1987, there has been significant progress toward a more complete understanding of(More)
cDNA walking and sequencing have extended the open reading frame for the neurofibromatosis type 1 gene (NF1). The new sequence now predicts 2485 amino acids of the NF1 peptide. A 360 residue region of the new peptide shows significant similarity to the known catalytic domains of both human and bovine GAP (GTPase activating protein). A much broader region,(More)
Overlapping cDNA clones from the translocation breakpoint region (TBR) gene, recently discovered at the neurofibromatosis type 1 locus and found to be interrupted by deletions and a t(17;22) translocation, have been sequenced. A 4 kb sequence of the transcript of the TBR gene has been compared with sequences of genomic DNA, identifying a number of small(More)
A global, observational disease registry has been established to characterize the course of disease and track clinical outcomes in patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I (MPS I), a rare and treatable lysosomal storage disorder. This report outlines procedures for data collection and presents the recommended minimum schedule of assessments that comprise(More)
Lissencephaly has been described in over 10 distinct malformation syndromes. Recently, we have recognized 5 children from four unrelated families with an almost identical disorder comprising lissencephaly with a posterior-to-anterior gradient and only moderate increase in thickness of the cortex, absent corpus callosum, neonatal-onset epilepsy, hypothalamic(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a commonly inherited autosomal dominant disorder. Previous studies indicated that mice homozygous for a null mutation in Nf1 exhibit mid-gestation lethality, whereas heterozygous mice have an increased predisposition to tumors and learning impairments. Here we show that mice lacking the alternatively spliced exon 23a, which(More)
Purpose:High sustained antibody titers complicate many disorders treated with a therapeutic protein, including those treated with enzyme replacement therapy, such as Pompe disease. Although enzyme replacement therapy with alglucosidase alfa (Myozyme) in Pompe disease has improved the prognosis of this otherwise lethal disorder, patients who develop high(More)
The neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) protein contains a region of significant sequence similarity to ras p21 GTPase-activating protein (GAP) and the yeast IRA1 gene product. A fragment of NF1 cDNA encoding the GAP-related domain (NF1 GRD) was expressed, immunoaffinity purified, and assayed for effects on N-ras p21 GTPase activity. The GTPase of wild-type ras(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is characterized by cafe-au-lait spots, skinfold freckling, and cutaneous neurofibromas. No obvious relationships between small mutations (<20 bp) of the NF1 gene and a specific phenotype have previously been demonstrated, which suggests that interaction with either unlinked modifying genes and/or the normal NF1 allele may be(More)
Neurofibromatosis 1 maps to chromosome band 17q11.2, and the NF1 locus has been partially characterized. Even though the full-length NF1 cDNA has been sequenced, the complete genomic structure of the NF1 gene has not been elucidated. The 5' end of NF1 is embedded in a CpG island containing a NotI restriction site, and the remainder of the gene lies in the(More)