David V Webb

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PURPOSE To investigate and quantify electron contamination from the lead cutouts used in kilovoltage x-ray radiotherapy. METHODS The lead cutouts were modeled with the Monte Carlo EGSnrc user codes DOSXYZnrc and DOSRZnrc for x-ray beams ranging from 50 to 300 kVp. The results from the model were confirmed with Gafchromic film measurements. The model and(More)
The ARPANSA calibration service for (60)Co gamma rays is based on a primary standard graphite calorimeter that measures absorbed dose to graphite. Measurements with the calorimeter are converted to the absorbed dose to water using the calculation of the ratio of the absorbed dose in the calorimeter to the absorbed dose in a water phantom. ARPANSA has(More)
OBJECTIVE Adenosine A(2A) receptor activation after lung transplantation attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury by reducing inflammation. However, the effect of adenosine A(2A) receptor activation in donor lungs before transplant remains ill defined. This study compares the efficacy of 3 different treatment strategies for adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist in(More)
The Australian radiation protection and nuclear safety agency (ARPANSA) has continuously provided a level 1 mailed thermoluminescence dosimetry audit service for megavoltage photons since 2007. The purpose of the audit is to provide an independent verification of the reference dose output of a radiotherapy linear accelerator in a clinical environment.(More)
The output signal of an organic scintillator probe consists of a scintillation signal and Cerenkov and fluorescence radiation (CFR) signal when the probe is exposed to a mega-voltage photon or electron beam. The CFR signal is usually unwanted because it comes from both the scintillator and light guide and so it is not proportional to the absorbed dose in(More)
OBJECTIVES Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a promising modality for the evaluation and treatment of marginal donor lungs. The optimal timing of EVLP initiation and the potential for rehabilitation of donor lungs with extended warm ischemic times is unknown. The present study compared the efficacy of different treatment strategies for uncontrolled(More)
An organic scintillator detector system has been developed for radiotherapy bremsstrahlung dosimetry. The scintillators are connected to photodiodes by light pipes as the photodiodes must be removed and shielded from the incident radiation. The photodiodes see visible and near-visible light emissions from the scintillator as well as Cerenkov and(More)
Plastic organic scintillators are often considered 'water equivalent' in megavoltage photon beams as they have similar atomic composition and density to water. Two plastic scintillators are evaluated for their 'water equivalence', using the Burlin cavity theory, in the photon energy range of 200 keV to 20 MeV. The Burlin theory predicts that the two(More)
Australian primary standards of air kerma and absorbed dose are realized in60Co gamma rays. To calibrate the megavoltage photon beams from linear accelerators, radiotherapy centres have their ionization chamber calibrated in a60Co beam and then use a protocol to transfer this calibration to the higher energy. The radiotherapy community is in the process of(More)
The relative energy response of NE2561 and NE261 IA ionization chambers to megavoltage photon beams from the ARPANSA linac indicates significant differences between these two types of chamber. In 16 MV beams of TPR20(10) 0.779, differences of about 2% are observed. The results are expressed as ratios KQ of the beam quality correction factors kQ, where the(More)