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BACKGROUND The question of how many marine species exist is important because it provides a metric for how much we do and do not know about life in the oceans. We have compiled the first register of the marine species of the world and used this baseline to estimate how many more species, partitioned among all major eukaryotic groups, may be discovered. (More)
Contrary to the dogma that the VP1 G-H loop is essential for FMD vaccine efficacy, it has been previously shown that foot-and-mouth disease 146s antigen containing heterologous VP1 G-H loops confers complete protection in pigs and cattle. Moreover, serological evaluation of cattle vaccinated with an antigen lacking a large proportion of the VP1 G-H loop(More)
During a field study in Zimbabwe, clinical specimens were collected from 403 cattle in six herds, in which the history of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccination and infection appeared to be known with some certainty. Five herds had reported outbreaks of disease one to five months previously but clinical FMD had not been observed in the sixth herd. A(More)
The ability and desire to access knowledge and to be able to learn and put knowledge to work is central to regional economic development and for globalization to be a force for drawing the world together. This chapter presents the logic, conceptual framework, and key elements for leveraging codified knowledge and tacit know-how through Internet and(More)
Protection against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) using DNA technology has been documented for sheep and pigs but not for the highly susceptible species of cattle. Twenty-five Holstein Friesian cross-bred cattle were vaccinated twice, 21 days apart, with a DNA vaccine containing the capsid coding region (P1) along with the non-structural proteins 2A, 3C and(More)