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The synthesis and structure-activity relationship of a series of arylaminoethyl amide cathepsin S inhibitors are reported. Optimization of P3 and P2 groups to improve overall physicochemical properties resulted in significant improvements in oral bioavailability over early lead compounds. An X-ray structure of compound 37 bound to the active site of(More)
Regulated proteolysis by the two-component NS2B/NS3 protease of dengue virus is essential for virus replication and the maturation of infectious virions. The functional similarity between the NS2B/NS3 proteases from the four genetically and antigenically distinct serotypes was addressed by characterizing the differences in their substrate specificity using(More)
Achieving the goal of malaria elimination will depend on targeting Plasmodium pathways essential across all life stages. Here we identify a lipid kinase, phosphatidylinositol-4-OH kinase (PI(4)K), as the target of imidazopyrazines, a new antimalarial compound class that inhibits the intracellular development of multiple Plasmodium species at each stage of(More)
Human prostasin was recently identified as a potential regulator of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) function. Through the use of positional scanning combinatorial substrate libraries, prostasin was shown to have a preference for poly-basic substrates: in position P4 preference was for arginine or lysine; in P3 preference was for histidine, lysine or(More)
Starting from a hit series from a GNF compound library collection and based on a cell-based proliferation assay of Plasmodium falciparum, a novel imidazolopiperazine scaffold was optimized. SAR for this series of compounds is discussed, focusing on optimization of cellular potency against wild-type and drug resistant parasites and improvement of(More)
Individual peptides with lysine at the C-terminus as well as protein tryptic digests were reacted with 2-methoxy-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole, converting lysine residues to their 4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl derivatives. The mass spectra of derivatized digests exhibit a greater number of more intense features than their underivatized counterparts, thus(More)
Imidazopyridine 1 was identified from a phenotypic screen against P. falciparum (Pf) blood stages and subsequently optimized for activity on liver-stage schizonts of the rodent parasite P. yoelii (Py) as well as hypnozoites of the simian parasite P. cynomolgi (Pc). We applied these various assays to the cell-based lead optimization of the imidazopyrazines,(More)
On the basis of the initial success of optimization of a novel series of imidazolopiperazines, a second generation of compounds involving changes in the core piperazine ring was synthesized to improve antimalarial properties. These changes were carried out to further improve the potency and metabolic stability of the compounds by leveraging the outcome of a(More)
Renewed global efforts toward malaria eradication have highlighted the need for novel antimalarial agents with activity against multiple stages of the parasite life cycle. We have previously reported the discovery of a novel class of antimalarial compounds in the imidazolopiperazine series that have activity in the prevention and treatment of blood stage(More)
Prostasin or human channel-activating protease 1 has been reported to play a critical role in the regulation of extracellular sodium ion transport via its activation of the epithelial cell sodium channel. Here, the structure of the extracellular portion of the membrane associated serine protease has been solved to high resolution in complex with a(More)