David Tulasne

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Activation of the MET tyrosine kinase receptor by hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor is classically associated with cell survival. Nonetheless, stress stimuli can lead to a caspase-dependent cleavage of MET within its juxtamembrane region, which generate a proapoptotic 40 kDa fragment (p40 MET). We report here that p40 MET is in fact generated through(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) induces scattering and morphogenesis of epithelial cells through the activation of the MET tyrosine kinase receptor. Although the activated MET receptor recruits a number of signaling proteins, little is known of the downstream signaling pathways activated by HGF/SF. In this study, we wished to examine the(More)
The MET tyrosine kinase, the receptor of hepatocyte growth factor-scatter factor (HGF/SF), is known to be essential for normal development and cell survival. We report that stress stimuli induce the caspase-mediated cleavage of MET in physiological cellular targets, such as epithelial cells, embryonic hepatocytes, and cortical neurons. Cleavage occurs at(More)
In embryos and in human tumors, the expression of the ETS1 transcription factor correlates with the occurrence of invasive processes. Although this was demonstrated in cells of mesodermal origin, the expression of ETS1 was not detected in epithelial cells. In the present study, we show that during early organogenesis in the chick embryo, ETS1 mRNA(More)
Viral infection constitutes an unwanted intrusion that needs to be eradicated by host cells. On one hand, one of the first protective barriers set up to prevent viral replication, spread or persistence involves the induction of apoptotic cell death that aims to limit the availability of the cellular components for viral amplification. On the other hand,(More)
The scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor regulates scattering and morphogenesis of epithelial cells through activation of the MET tyrosine kinase receptor. In particular, the noncatalytic C-terminal tail of MET contains two autophosphorylation tyrosine residues, which form a multisubstrate-binding site for several cytoplasmic effectors and are thought to(More)
Upon activation by its ligand hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor, the receptor tyrosine kinase Met promotes survival, proliferation, and migration of epithelial cells during embryogenesis. Deregulated Met signaling can also promote cancer progression and metastasis. Met belongs to the functional family of dependence receptors whose activity switches(More)
The disialoganglioside G(D3) is overexpressed in ∼50% of invasive ductal breast carcinoma, and the G(D3) synthase gene (ST8SIA1) displays higher expression among estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer tumors, associated with a decreased overall survival of breast cancer patients. However, no relationship between ganglioside expression and breast cancer(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) plays an important role in development and cell differentiation, and homologues of EGF-R have been identified in a broad range of vertebrate and invertebrate organisms. This work concerns the functional characterization of SER, the EGF-R-like molecule previously identified in the helminth parasite Schistosoma(More)
The MET tyrosine kinase receptor activated by its ligand HGF/SF, induces several cellular responses, including survival. Nonetheless, the MET receptor is cleaved in stress conditions by caspases within its intracellular region, generating a 40kDa fragment, p40 MET, with pro-apoptotic properties. Here, we established that this cleavage splits the receptor at(More)