David Tat-Wei Tan

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CLEC5A/MDL-1, a member of the myeloid C-type lectin family expressed on macrophages and neutrophils, is critical for dengue virus (DV)-induced hemorrhagic fever and shock syndrome in Stat1⁻/⁻ mice and ConA-treated wild type mice. However, whether CLEC5A is involved in the pathogenesis of viral encephalitis has not yet been investigated. To investigate the(More)
Impaired gallbladder motility is an established factor in cholesterol gallstone formation. We assessed whether altered small intestinal smooth muscle contractility with slow transit might potentiate gallstone formation by further impeding enterohepatic cycling of bile acids. Ground squirrels were fed a 1% or a trace (controls) cholesterol diet. Small(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Antigen challenge of sensitized rats leads to delayed gastric emptying, but the mechanism (gastroparesis or prolonged trituration) and mediators are unknown. METHODS Hooded Lister rats were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of egg albumin as antigen, and control rats were sham-sensitized. On day 14, antral manometric and(More)
Impaired gallbladder motility and delayed intestinal transit contribute to cholesterol gallstone formation by impeding the enterohepatic circulation of bile salts and causing gallbladder stasis. The therapeutic value of erythromycin, a prokinetic motilin analog, was evaluated in an animal model of gallstone formation. Eighty ground squirrels were fed either(More)
This study was to determine whether alterations in jejunal motility observed after antigen challenge of sensitized rats occurred after extirpation of the celiac-superior mesenteric ganglia. Hooded-Lister rats were prepared with an intact or extirpated celiac-superior mesenteric ganglion, an isolated Thiry-Vella loop of ileum for instillation of antigen, and(More)
BACKGROUND The ground squirrel on a high cholesterol diet exhibits prolonged intestinal transit, a pathogenetic factor in cholesterol gallstone formation. AIMS To examine the effect of a high cholesterol diet on the characteristics of the migrating myoelectrical complex (MMC) and the potential benefit of erythromycin. METHODS Twenty four animals(More)
The roles of mast cells and extrinsic and vagal neural pathways in the anaphylaxis-induced alterations in motility observed at sites remote from antigen exposure were explored. Rats were sensitized to egg albumin (EA) and prepared with 1) electrodes to monitor intestinal myoelectric activity, 2) an isolated intestinal loop, and 3) either intact vagal(More)
Colonic smooth muscle function may be altered in food protein hypersensitivity reactions and could contribute to the clinical manifestation of diarrhea. To characterize such functional changes and elucidate the mediators and mechanisms involved. Hooded-Lister rats were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of egg albumin (10 micrograms), and controls were(More)
Photochemically induced cerebral ischemia is an easy-manipulated, reproducible, relatively noninvasive, and lesion controllable model for translational study of ischemic stroke. In order to longitudinally investigate the characterization of the model, magnetic resonance imaging, 18F-2-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography, fluorescence, and(More)
Fos immunohistochemistry was used to identify myenteric neurons activated as a consequence of intestinal anaphylaxis in Hooded-Lister rats sensitized to egg albumin (EA 10 micrograms ip). After incubation in test solutions, or after in vivo challenge, jejunal tissues were processed for immunohistochemistry with an anti-Fos antibody (1:500, TF161). The(More)