David Tareste

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Sec1/Munc18 (SM) proteins are required for every step of intracellular membrane fusion, but their molecular mechanism of action has been unclear. In this work, we demonstrate a fundamental role of the SM protein: to act as a stimulatory subunit of its cognate SNARE fusion machinery. In a reconstituted system, mammalian SNARE pairs assemble between bilayers(More)
Exocytic vesicle fusion requires both the SNARE family of fusion proteins and a closely associated regulatory subunit of the Sec1/Munc18 (SM) family. In principle, SM proteins could act at an early SNARE assembly step to promote vesicle-plasma membrane adhesion or at a late step to overcome the energetic barrier for fusion. Here, we use the neuronal(More)
Membrane fusion occurs when SNAREpins fold up between lipid bilayers. How much energy is generated during SNAREpin folding and how this energy is coupled to the fusion of apposing membranes is unknown. We have used a surface forces apparatus to determine the energetics and dynamics of SNAREpin formation and characterize the different intermediate structures(More)
Full-length mouse VAMP2-His 6 (pTW2) and the t-SNARE complex between mouse His 6-SNAP-25 and rat syntaxin 1A (pTW34) were expressed and purified as previously described (Melia et al., 2002; Weber et al., 2000). Rat syntaxin 4 and SNAP-23 expression vectors were generated in a similar way as neuronal SNAREs. The proteins were eluted into an OG buffer (25mM(More)
SNARE proteins mediate the fusion of lipid bilayers by the directed assembly of coiled-coil domains arising from apposing membranes. We have utilized inverted cone-shaped lipids, antagonists of the necessary membrane deformation during fusion to characterize the extent and range of SNARE assembly up to the moment of stalk formation between bilayers. The(More)
The core mechanism of intracellular vesicle fusion consists of SNAREpin zippering between vesicular and target membranes. Recent studies indicate that the same SNARE-binding protein, complexin (CPX), can act either as a facilitator or as an inhibitor of membrane fusion, constituting a controversial dilemma. Here we take energetic measurements with the(More)
Development of the nervous system requires extensive axonal and dendritic growth during which neurons massively increase their surface area. Here we report that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident SNARE Sec22b has a conserved non-fusogenic function in plasma membrane expansion. Sec22b is closely apposed to the plasma membrane SNARE syntaxin1. Sec22b(More)
Soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE)-mediated lipid mixing can be efficiently recapitulated in vitro by the incorporation of purified vesicle membrane (-v) SNARE and target membrane (t-) SNARE proteins into separate liposome populations. Despite the strong correlation between the observed activities in this system(More)
Pom33 is an integral membrane protein of the yeast nuclear pore complex (NPC), and it is required for proper NPC distribution and assembly. To characterize the Pom33 NPC-targeting determinants, we performed immunoprecipitation experiments followed by mass spectrometry analyses. This identified a new Pom33 partner, the nuclear import factor Kap123. In vitro(More)
It is now well admitted that hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds are the main forces driving protein folding and stability. However, because of the complex structure of a protein, it is still difficult to separate the different energetic contributions and have a reliable estimate of the hydrogen bond part. This energy can be quantified on simpler(More)