David T. Madden

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SEC16 encodes a 240-kD hydrophilic protein that is required for transport vesicle budding from the ER in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sec16p is tightly and peripherally bound to ER membranes, hence it is not one of the cytosolic proteins required to reconstitute transport vesicle budding in a cell-free reaction. However, Sec16p is removed from the membrane by(More)
Cells exposed to sustained endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress undergo programmed cell death and display features typical of apoptosis, such as cysteine aspartyl protease (caspase) activation, cytochrome c release, and DNA fragmentation. Here, we show that the execution of cell death induced by ER stress is mediated via the proteasome. Inhibition of the(More)
Here, we have investigated mitochondrial biology and energy metabolism in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and hESC-derived neural stem cells (NSCs). Although stem cells collectively in vivo might be expected to rely primarily on anaerobic glycolysis for ATP supply, to minimise production of reactive oxygen species, we show that in vitro this is not so:(More)
By improving the expression and purification of Escherichia coli methionine aminopeptidase (eMetAP) and using slightly different crystallization conditions, the resolution of the parent structure was extended from 2.4 to 1.9 A resolution. This has permitted visualization of the coordination geometry and solvent structure of the active-site dinuclear metal(More)
A variety of studies have implicated the lipid PtdIns(4,5)P2 in endocytic internalization, but how this lipid mediates its effects is not known. The AP180 N-terminal homology (ANTH) domain is a PtdIns(4,5)P2-binding module found in several proteins that participate in receptor-mediated endocytosis. One such protein is yeast Sla2p, a highly conserved(More)
Previously, we identified valosin-containing protein (VCP) as a mediator of ER stress-induced cell death. Mutations in the VCP gene including R93, R155, and R191 have been described that manifest clinically as hereditary inclusion body myopathy with Paget’s disease of bone and frontotemporal dementia. In addition, other studies have demonstrated that as a(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) plays critical roles during development and in disease states. One form of programmed cell death utilizes autophagy--a cellular mechanism of degrading bulk cytosolic components--to destroy cells. Previously, the broad-spectrum caspase inhibitor z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-fluoromethylketone (zVAD) was shown to induce autophagic cell(More)
Two of the greatest challenges in regenerative medicine today remain (1) the ability to culture human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) at a scale sufficient to satisfy clinical demand and (2) the ability to eliminate teratoma-forming cells from preparations of cells with clinically desirable phenotypes. Understanding the pathways governing apoptosis in hESCs(More)
Transplantation of embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived precursors holds great promise for treating various disease conditions. Tracing of precursors derived from ESC after transplantation is important to determine their migration and fate. Chemical labeling, as well as transfection or viral-mediated transduction of tracer genes in ESC or in ESC-derived(More)
Dr. Karen S. Poksay is not included in the author byline. She should be listed as the seventh author and affiliated with Buck Institute for Research on Aging, Novato, California, United States of America. The contributions of this author are as follows: Performed the experiments. Dr. David T. Madden is not included in the author byline. He should be listed(More)