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Nature has adapted different methods for surviving dry, arid, xeric conditions. It is the focus of this comparative review to pull together the relevant information gleaned from the literature that could be utilized to design moisture harvesting devices informed by biomimetics. Most water harvesting devices in current use are not informed by nature and(More)
Four species of cacti were chosen for this study: Copiapoa cinerea var. haseltoniana, Ferocactus wislizenii, Mammillaria columbiana subsp. yucatanensis and Parodia mammulosa. It has been reported that dew condenses on the spines of C. cinerea and that it does not on the spines of F. wislizenii, and our preliminary observations of M. columbiana and P.(More)
Nanocellulose has a variety of advantages, which make the material most suitable for use in biomedical devices such as wound dressings. The material is strong, allows for production of transparent films, provides a moist wound healing environment, and can form elastic gels with bioresponsive characteristics. In this study, we explore the application of(More)
offers the possibility of producing mass quantities of a wide variety of electronic components and devices quickly and at lower cost. Flexography is mainly used for packaging applications, but is also a potential method for the micro manufacture of electronic devices, smart packaging and RFID. Fine solid lines of high quality are essential to enable(More)
Antibodies were patterned onto flexible plastic films using the flexographic printing process. An ink formulation was developed using high molecular weight polyvinyl alcohol in carbonate-bicarbonate buffer. In order to aid both antibody adhesion and the quality of definition in the printed features, a nitrocellulose coating was developed that was capable of(More)
Numerical modelling of atomic force microscopy cantilever designs and experiments is presented with the aim of exploring friction mechanisms at the microscale. As a starting point for this work, comparisons between finite element (FE) models and previously reported mathematical models for stiffness calibration of cantilevers (beam and V-shaped) are(More)
This paper illustrates the application of a combined discrete- and finite-element simulation to the compaction of assemblies comprising both ductile and brittle particles. Through case studies, the results demonstrate the importance of using a fine mesh on the particle boundary, the effect of fragmentation and its impact on the form of the compression(More)
Three species of cactus whose spines act as dew harvesters were chosen for this study: Copiapoa cinerea var. haseltoniana, Mammillaria columbiana subsp. yucatanensis and Parodia mammulosa and compared with Ferocactus wislizenii whose spines do not perform as dew harvesters. Time-lapse snapshots of C. cinerea showed movement of dew droplets from spine tips(More)