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UNLABELLED In response to the global challenge of providing and delivering effective health care, the aim of the European Healthcare Training and Accreditation Network project is to work towards improving the transparency of European Union (EU) nurse workforce qualifications, competence, skills, experience and culture. Currently, there is no detailed or(More)
OBJECTIVES The prescription of strong opioid analgesics for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) is described as controversial and can result in misidentification of patients as drug abusers or individuals with an addiction. This study compared the effects of opioid drugs on CNCP patients and "street" users. SUBJECTS/SETTING The groups comprised 36 CNCP(More)
OBJECTIVES Opioid analgesic drugs are sometimes advocated for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). However, due to the paucity of studies assessing problematic opioid drug use in this population, evidence for such is inconclusive, and this issue remains controversial. This survey assessed problematic drug use among CNCP patients. PATIENTS/SETTING Patients(More)
Despite being preventable and treatable, in the 21st Century, malnutrition remains a problem in the developed world and the nutritional needs of many older people in long-term care settings are not met. The UK government has pledged to provide high-quality care for this sector of the population, including minimum standards to ensure adequate nutrition.(More)
The competency-based approach to education, training and assessment has surfaced as a key policy in industrialised nations. Following the transition of nurse preparation to the higher education sector the need to attenuate the tension of interests between employer and educator arose. While the competency-based approach has the potential to fulfil this, the(More)
Pain is highlighted as a significant, yet neglected problem among older people, particularly in long-term care settings. The effects of inadequate assessment and treatment of pain among older people may lead to multiple problems. Problems arise due to cognitive impairment of clients and inadequate assessment by healthcare professionals. Analgesics are(More)
Controversy surrounds the use of strong opioid analgesic drugs for chronic non-cancer pain. Specialists have concluded that fears of problematic drug use are often unfounded. In contrast, others claim the existence of significant problems.'Problematic drug use' includes the following definitions; addiction, abuse, physiological dependence and tolerance.We(More)
While pain relief is a basic tenet of health care, pain is under-treated in the UK (Davies and Mcvicar, 2000) and this issue remains unresolved. This paper suggests that oral Aloe vera could be used in the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP), particularly that caused by osteoarthritis (OA). Despite being used as arthritis treatment for centuries(More)
  • David Cowan
  • 2011
Auricular acupuncture is an accessible, non-confrontational therapy that appears to be effective when used in drug and alcohol treatment facilities, hospitals and prisons in the UK, Europe and the USA. Despite being popular, research evidence on its effectiveness is lacking, and as a result services are underfunded and risk being withdrawn. There are(More)