David T. Clarkson

Learn More
The exodermis (hypodermis with Casparian bands) of plant roots represents a barrier of variable resistance to the radial flow of both water and solutes and may contribute substantially to the overall resistance. The variability is a result largely of changes in structure and anatomy of developing roots. The extent and rate at which apoplastic exodermal(More)
The sap flow (Jv) and the osmotic hydraulic conductance (L0) of detached, exuding root systems from wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Chinese Spring) plants deprived of nitrogen for 5 d (— N) or of phosphorus for 7 d (—P), were measured and compared with controls receiving a complete nutrient supply. In the roots of — N and — P plants, Jv and L0 decreased(More)
It has been shown that N-, P- and S-deficiencies result in major reductions of root hydraulic conductivity (Lpr) which may lead to lowered stomatal conductance, but the relationship between the two conductance changes is not understood. In a variety of species, Lpr decreases in the early stages of NO3-, H2PO4(2-) and SO4(2-) deprivation. These effects can(More)
The hydraulic conductivity of excised roots (Lpr) of the legume Lotus japonicus (Regel) K. Larsen grown in mist (aeroponic) and sand cultures, was found to vary over a 5-fold range during a day/night cycle. This behaviour was seen when Lpr was measured in roots exuding, either under root pressure (osmotic driving force), or under an applied hydrostatic(More)
The incorporation of aluminium into barley roots followed similar kinetics over a 24-hour incubation at either 23°C or 3°C. At either temperature most of the aluminium was recovered in the cell wall fraction of the roots. Aluminium is adsorbed by preparations of cell wall material, and once bound is not appreciably exchangeable with calcium or sodium ions.(More)
Resistance to selenate and chromate, toxic analogues of sulphate, was used to isolate a mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae deficient in the capacity to transport sulphate into the cells. A clone which complements this mutation was isolated from a cDNA library prepared from S. cerevisiae poly(A)+ RNA. This clone contains an insert which is 2775 by in length(More)
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and tomato Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) were grown hydroponically and examined 2, 5, and 10 d after being deprived of nitrogen (N) supply. Leaf elongation rate declined in both species in response to N stress before there was any reduction in rate of dryweight accumulation. Changes in water transport to the shoot could not(More)
In both the seminal axis and lateral roots of Cucurbita pepo L. the formation of large central xylem elements and the commencement of secondary cambial activity occur 10–20 cm from the root tip. Concomitant with or slightly preceding these developments there are changes in the structure of the walls of endodermal cells where the lignified casparian band(More)
Two cDNA clones, LJAS1 and LJAS2, encoding different asparagine synthetases (AS) have been identified and sequenced and their expression in Lotus japonicus characterised. Analysis of predicted amino acid sequences indicated a high level of identity with other plant AS sequences. No other AS genes were detected in the L. japonicus genome. LJAS1 gene(More)
During the first 4 d after the removal of SO 4 2- from cultures of young barley plants, the net uptake of 15N-nitrate and the transport of labelled N to the shoot both decline. This occurred during a period in which there was no measurable change in plant growth rate and where the incorporation of [3H]leucine into membrane and soluble proteins was(More)