David Svendsgaard

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A class of curvilinear dose-response relationships in toxicological and epidemiological studies may be roughly described by "U-shaped" curves. Such curves reflect an apparent reversal or inversion in the effect of an otherwise toxic agent at a low or intermediate region of the dose continuum. Several examples of U-shaped dose-response functions are(More)
Acute human exposure to methanol (MeOH) results in elevated serum concentrations of both MeOH and formic acid. In order to better assess the risk of adverse developmental effects of MeOH exposure in humans, the effects of the combination of formate and MeOH, in addition to the individual toxicity profiles for MeOH and formate, need to be established.(More)
Adult rats anesthesized with pentobarbital and injected intravenously with a mixture of [14C] sucrose and [3H] insulin were exposed for 30 min to an environment at an ambient temperature of 22, 30, or 40 degrees C, or were exposed at 22 degrees C to 2450-MHz CW microwave radiation at power densities of 0, 10, 20, or 30 mW/cm2. Following exposure, the brain(More)
A number of volatile organic solvents have been shown to be ototoxic to rats, but there is little information regarding how solvents might act in this way when encountered in combination. To examine this issue, male Long Evans rats were exposed by inhalation to pairs of solvents known to be ototoxic when administered individually; those reported on here are(More)
Gestation age and ability of the baby to self-quiet and to be consoled during the first 30 days of life decrease when mother's blood lead levels rise from 36 weeks of pregnancy to birth of child. These effects appear to be independent of the absolute lead levels of mother and child (N = 42). Since pre- and perinatal stress predicts higher maternal birth(More)
Some of the most compelling evidence of sulfur dioxide (SO(2))-induced respiratory morbidity is derived from a large body of studies involving controlled short-term exposures among groups of asthmatic volunteers. These studies were extensively cited in the recently completed review of the primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for SO(2). Although it(More)
National and local declines in lead (Pb) in blood (PbB) over the past several years coincide with the decline in ambient air Pb (PbA) concentrations. The objective of this work is to evaluate how the relationship between PbB levels and PbA levels has changed following the phase out of leaded gasoline and tightened controls on industrial Pb emissions over(More)
The goal of this research is to predict an in vitro activity of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and their mixtures and to describe the relationship between this activity and chemical structure. The test system used multiple PCB concentrations on each cell culture plate in a repeated measures design, which improved precision for comparing between(More)