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Single-user interactive computer applications are pervasive in our daily lives and work. Leveraging single-user applications for multi-user collaboration has the potential to significantly increase the availability and improve the usability of collaborative applications. In this paper, we report an innovative <i>transparent adaptation</i> approach(More)
Single-user interactive computer applications are pervasive in our daily lives and work. Leveraging single-user applications for supporting multi-user collaboration has the potential to significantly increase the availability and improve the usability of collaborative applications. In this article, we report an innovative <i>Transparent Adaptation</i> (TA)(More)
Operational Transformation (OT) is a consistency maintenance technique for collaborative editing systems-a special class of distributed applications for supporting human-computer-human interaction and collaboration over communication networks. The theory of causality has been the foundation of all prior OT systems, but it is inadequate to meet essential OT(More)
Operational Transformation (OT) is a technique originally invented for supporting consistency maintenance in collaborative text editors. Word processors have much richer data types and more comprehensive operations than plain text editors. Among others, the capability of updating attributes of any types of object is an essential feature of all word(More)
The brain is generally considered protected from mechanical forces. However, during traumatic events, cells in brain tissue are exposed to complex mechanical events including transient acceleration, pressure, and direct stretch. This paper presents a model to expose cultured cells of the central nervous system (CNS) to a defined stretch insult. The system(More)
Stress causes and exacerbates many physiological and mental health problems. Routine and unobtrusive monitoring of stress would enable a variety of treatments, from break-taking to calming exercises. It may also be a valuable tool for assessing effects (frustration, difficulty) of using interfaces or applications. Custom sensing hardware is a poor option,(More)
Predictive food microbiology (PFM) is an emerging multidisciplinary area of food microbiology. It encompasses such disciplines as mathematics, microbiology, engineering and chemistry to develop and apply mathematical models to predict the responses of microorganisms to specified environmental variables. This paper provides a critical review on the(More)
Effective interaction among participants is crucial to the success of a presentation. The workspace of a presentation, which is the presentation slides, is a natural and effective medium of interactions among presentation participants. However, due to the insufficient support from existing collaborative presentation systems, workspace-mediated interaction(More)
A20 is a stress response gene in endothelial cells (ECs). A20 serves a dual cytoprotective function, protecting from tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated apoptosis and inhibiting inflammation via blockade of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). In this study, we evaluated the molecular basis of the cytoprotective function of A20 in EC(More)