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Hippocampal sharp waves (SPWs) and associated fast ("ripple") oscillations (SPW-Rs) in the CA1 region are among the most synchronous physiological patterns in the mammalian brain. Using two-dimensional arrays of electrodes for recording local field potentials and unit discharges in freely moving rats, we studied the emergence of ripple oscillations (140-220(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the relative effects of each of four phytosterol ester-enriched low-fat foods (bread, breakfast cereal, milk and yoghurt) on serum lipids, plasma phytosterols and carotenoids. DESIGN : Three research centres undertook a randomised, incomplete crossover, single-blind study consisting of four treatment periods of 3 weeks each, one of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, partly owing to dyslipidaemia, which can be amenable to fibrate therapy. We designed the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) study to assess the effect of fenofibrate on cardiovascular disease events in these patients. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Both migrant and local urban populations of Asian Indians have high rates of cardiovascular disease. Metabolic risk factors appear key to this phenomenon but data from rural India are few. We sought to determine the prevalence and distribution of lipids, obesity and metabolic syndrome in a rural region of Andhra Pradesh. METHODS(More)
UNLABELLED Herbs and spices have a traditional history of use, with strong roles in cultural heritage, and in the appreciation of food and its links to health. Demonstrating the benefits of foods by scientific means remains a challenge, particularly when compared with standards applied for assessing pharmaceutical agents. Pharmaceuticals are(More)
BACKGROUND The Long-Term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischemic Disease (LIPID) trial showed that pravastatin significantly reduced mortality and coronary heart disease (CHD) events in 9014 patients with known CHD and total cholesterol 4.0 to 7.0 mmol/L at baseline. Secondary objectives included assessment of CHD event reduction according to lipid(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Fenofibrate caused an acute, sustained plasma creatinine increase in the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD) and Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) studies. We assessed fenofibrate's renal effects overall and in a FIELD washout sub-study. METHODS Type 2 diabetic patients (n = 9,795) aged(More)
This study compared the effects of a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, fish oil, and placebo on plasma lipids and lipoproteins in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia. After an initial run-in phase, 32 patients were randomized for 6 weeks to either (1) pravastatin 40 mg/d, n = 10; (2) fish oil (himega 6 g/d, equivalent to 3 g omega-3(More)
RATIONALE Dyslipidemia is common in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Postprandial lipidemia (PPL) is a strong marker of cardiovascular risk. Evidence that OSA treatment improves PPL is lacking. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on postprandial lipidemia (PPL) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea(More)
The mechanisms for the association of old age with post-prandial hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis are not well understood. Post-prandial hyperlipidemia has emerged as a significant risk for atherosclerosis. The liver is the central organ for lipoprotein metabolism. The initial step in the hepatic uptake of post-prandial lipoproteins is their transfer from(More)