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Nine chlorinated aliphatics (CAs) were examined in a rat liver foci assay for tumor initiating and promoting activities. In this model, young adult male Osborne Mendel rats were first subjected to a partial hepatectomy, the test chemical was then administered at the maximum tolerated dose in the initiation or promotion phase in conjunction with(More)
Nine chlorinated aliphatics (CAs)--1,1-dichloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane, 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, and hexachloroethane--were examined in a rat liver foci assay for evidence of initiating and promoting potential. Young adult male(More)
Five haloalkanes--CBrCl3, CCl4, CHCl3, and 1,1,1-and 1,1,2-trichloroethane (TCE)--were ranked for their relative hepatotoxicity in an in vitro system of isolated hepatocyte suspensions and in vivo by po administration of the test chemical to fasted rats of the same strain and sex as used for the hepatocytes. Cytotoxic parameters used for ranking in the in(More)
The uptake of free choline by isolated perfused rat liver was characterized. A saturable uptake mechanism [Ka = 0.17 +/- 0.07 mM (SD); Vmax = 0.84 +/- 0.16 mumol/min X g dry weight] and a nonsaturable mechanism (through which uptake is proportional to choline concentration in the perfusate) were identified. Most of the choline transported into hepatocytes(More)
The urinary excretion and the incorporation into lipids of R[3-14C]mevalonate was investigated in isolated rat kidneys perfused with physiological concentration sof the substrate (80-500 pmol/ml). The clearance of R[3-14C]mevalonate and of the unnatural enantiomer S[5-14C]mevalonate were compared to the glomerular filtration ratea measured by the clearance(More)
Thirty-four chemicals-diverse in structure, postulated mechanisms of action, and primary target organs--were tested for cytotoxic response in isolated hepatocyte suspensions from young male Sprague-Dawley rats. Hepatocytes were incubated in the presence and absence of the test chemicals in closed vessels fitted with side arms for serial sampling for up to 5(More)
An autonomous computer vision-guided plant sensing and monitoring system was designed and constructed to continuously monitor temporal, morphological, and spectral features of lettuce crop growing in a nutrient film technique (NFT) hydroponics system. The system consisted of five main components including (1) a stepper motor-driven camera positioning(More)
The shunt pathway of mevalonate metabolism (Edmond, J., and Popják, G. (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 66-71) has been studied in isolated kidneys from rats perfused with physiological concentrations of variously labeled [14C]- and [3H]mevalonates. The rate of operation of the shunt pathway was quantified by the production of either 14CO2 or 3H2O from the(More)
Ultrastructural data are presented on time-course changes in isolated rat hepatocyte suspensions exposed either to 1.2 or 1.8 mM CCl4 for up to 1 h. The subcellular changes at the lower concentration, but not the higher, are shown to closely parallel those reported to occur in rat hepatocytes following ingestion of CCl4.