David Stiller

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Horses infected with Babesia equi were previously identified by the presence of antibodies reactive with a merozoite surface protein epitope (D. P. Knowles, Jr., L. E. Perryman, L. S. Kappmeyer, and S. G. Hennager. J. Clin. Microbiol. 29:2056-2058, 1991). The antibodies were detected in a competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CI ELISA)(More)
The development and transmission of Anaplasma marginale was studied in Dermacentor andersoni males. Laboratory-reared male D andersoni were allowed to feed for 7 days on a calf with ascending A marginale parasitemia. The ticks were then held in a humidity chamber for 7 days before being placed on 2 susceptible calves. Anaplasmosis developed in the calves(More)
A protein epitope of major surface protein 5 (MSP5), defined by monoclonal antibody (MAb) ANAF16C1, is conserved among Anaplasma species (E. S. Visser, T. C. McGuire, G. H. Palmer, W. C. Davis, V. Shkap, E. Pipano, and D. P. Knowles, Jr., Infect. Immun. 60:5139-5144, 1992) and is expressed in the salivary glands of infected ticks. A competitive inhibition(More)
This brief review focuses first on several epidemiologically relevant aspects of anaplasmosis, including: (1) the role of male ticks as intrastadial, biological vectors of Anaplasma through interhost transfer; (2) the application of molecular diagnostic assays in assessing tick vector competence and evaluating the role of chronically infected carrier cattle(More)
Anaplasma marginale, an intraerythrocytic rickettsia of cattle, is transmitted biologically by ticks. Because of the brevity of acute A. marginale infection, transmission may rely on the tick's ability to acquire the organism from persistently infected cattle with low rickettsemia levels. By using a nucleic acid probe to quantitate low-level infection, we(More)
The experimental vector competence of five laboratory-reared ixodid tick species representing three genera [Amblyomma americanum (L.), Boophilus microplus (Canestrini), D. andersoni Stiles, D. occidentalis Marx, and D. variabilis (Say)] for Babesia equi (Laveran 1901) was evaluated by delayed transfer of male ticks from infected to susceptible equids or by(More)
In North America, the role of wild ruminants in the epidemiology of anaplasmosis has not been clearly defined. Such information is particularly meager in regard to bighorn sheep. We report the susceptibility of two Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis canadensis) to experimental infection with a well characterized field isolate of Anaplasma ovis(More)
The persistence of Anaplasma marginale Theiler in male Dermacentor andersoni Stiles ticks exposed to the organism as adults was studied as the ticks were successively transferred to five susceptible calves. All calves fed upon by these ticks rapidly developed clinical anaplasmosis; incubation periods of infection ranged from 19 to 26 d and did not change(More)
The experimental vector competence of laboratory-reared Dermacentor hunteri Bishopp for Anaplasma marginale Theiler and Anaplasma ovis Lestoquard was evaluated by delayed transfer of male ticks from infected to susceptible Holstein calves and from infected to susceptible domestic sheep, respectively. After feeding for 4 or 5 d on rickettsemic acquisition(More)