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OBJECTIVE Simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) combines advantages of both methods, namely high temporal resolution of EEG and high spatial resolution of fMRI. However, EEG quality is limited due to severe artifacts caused by fMRI scanners. APPROACH To improve EEG data quality substantially, we(More)
Motor imagery (MI) is a commonly used paradigm for the study of motor learning or cognitive aspects of action control. The rationale for using MI training to promote the relearning of motor function arises from research on the functional correlates that MI shares with the execution of physical movements. While most of the previous studies investigating MI(More)
There is general agreement in the brain-computer interface (BCI) community that although non-linear classifiers can provide better results in some cases, linear classifiers are preferable. Particularly, as non-linear classifiers often involve a number of parameters that must be carefully chosen. However, new non-linear classifiers were developed over the(More)
In applying mental imagery brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) to end users, training is a key part for novice users to get control. In general learning situations, it is an established concept that a trainer assists a trainee to improve his/her aptitude in certain skills. In this work, we want to evaluate whether we can apply this concept in the context of(More)
Sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) typically require lengthy user training. This can be exhausting and fatiguing for the user as data collection may be monotonous and typically without any feedback for user motivation. Hence new ways to reduce user training and improve performance are needed. We recently introduced a two class(More)
Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging technique for the in-vivo assessment of functional activity of the cerebral cortex as well as in the field of brain-computer-interface (BCI) research. A common challenge for the utilization of fNIRS for BCIs is a stable and reliable single trial classification of the recorded spatio-temporal(More)
Although simultaneous measurement of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is one of the most valuable methods for studying human brain activity non-invasively, it remains challenging to measure high quality EEG inside the MRI scanner. Recently, a new approach for minimizing residual MRI scanner artifacts in the EEG(More)
In this study brain activity during motor imagery (MI) of joint actions, compared to single actions and rest conditions, was investigated using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first neuroimaging study which directly investigated the neural correlates of joint action motor imagery. Twenty-one healthy(More)
Non-stationarity and inherent variability of the noninvasive electroencephalogram (EEG) makes robust recognition of spontaneous EEG patterns challenging. Reliable modulation of EEG patterns that a BCI can robustly detect is a skill that users must learn. In this paper, we present a novel online co-adaptive BCI training paradigm. The system autonomously(More)