David Siaussat

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Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) are involved in many physiological functions in insects, such as the metabolism of signal molecules, adaptation to host plants and insecticide resistance. Several P450s have been reported in the olfactory organs of insects, the antennae, and have been proposed to play a role in odorant processing and/or xenobiotic metabolism.(More)
BACKGROUND Odorant-Degrading Enzymes (ODEs) are supposed to be involved in the signal inactivation step within the olfactory sensilla of insects by quickly removing odorant molecules from the vicinity of the olfactory receptors. Only three ODEs have been both identified at the molecular level and functionally characterized: two were specialized in the(More)
We have investigated the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the control of insect cell cycle by 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) using the IAL-PID2 cell line established from imaginal wing discs of Plodia interpunctella. We first defined conditions for use of hydroxyurea, a reversible inhibitor of DNA synthesis, in order to synchronize the IAL-PID2 cells(More)
The IAL-PID2 cells derived from imaginal wing discs of the last larval instar of Plodia interpunctella were responsive to 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E). These imaginal cells respond to 20E by proliferative arrest followed by a morphological differentiation. These 20E-induced late responses were inhibited in presence of juvenile hormone (JH II). From these(More)
Many endogenous factors influence thermal tolerance of insects. Among these, age contributes an important source of variation. Heat tolerance is typically high in newly eclosed insects, before declining dramatically. It is not known whether this phenomenon relates to cold tolerance also. In addition, the underlying mechanisms of this variation are(More)
In many animals, male copulation is dependent on the detection and processing of female-produced sex pheromones, which is generally followed by a sexual refractory post-ejaculatory interval (PEI). In the male moth, Agrotis ipsilon, this PEI is characterized by a transient post-mating inhibition of behavioral and central nervous responses to sex pheromone,(More)
Using the IAL-PID2 cell line established from pupally committed imaginal wing discs of Plodia interpunctella, we have investigated the dynamics of cellular and molecular events involved in the G2/M arrest. We have first cloned a cDNA sequence named PIUSP-2 that likely encodes a homologue of the Ultraspiracle-2 isoform of Manduca sexta. When the IAL-PID2(More)
Uridine diphosphate UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are detoxification enzymes widely distributed within living organisms. They are involved in the biotransformation of various lipophilic endogenous compounds and xenobiotics, including odorants. Several UGTs have been reported in the olfactory organs of mammals and involved in olfactory processing and(More)
We have studied the effect of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) on cellular proliferation in IAL-PID2 cell line established from imaginal wing discs of Plodia interpunctella. Flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that 20E induced an arrest of cells in G2 phase. To determine whether this arrest was due to an effect of 20E on cyclin expression, we cloned two cDNA(More)
Physiological and behavioral plasticity allows animals to adapt to changes in external (environmental) and internal (physiological) factors. In insects, the physiological state modulates adult behavior in response to different odorant stimuli. Hormones have the potential to play a major role in the plasticity of the olfactory responses. To explore if(More)