David Sheikh-Hamad

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Defect in renal salt excretion may play an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. We examined sodium (Na+) uptake by brush border membrane (BBM) vesicles of young (6 week old) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) of the same age. SHR had lower urinary Na+ excretion (223.1 +/- 9.3 vs. 266.3 +/- 3.7(More)
The main complication of acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) is frequent development of renal tumors, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Intratumoral deposition of calcium oxalate (CaOx) is a distinct feature of ACKD-associated RCCs, but several features of this type of RCC are not known. Features of the 30 end-stage renal disease (ESRD)-associated(More)
Previous studies have reported that uric acid stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation in vitro. We hypothesized that uric acid may also have direct proinflammatory effects on VSMCs. Crystal- and endotoxin-free uric acid was found to increase VSMC monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner,(More)
Chronic obstructive uropathy (COU) created by unilateral ureteric ligation is associated with increased renal cell apoptosis and p53 expression. Genetically engineered mice were used to examine the role of p53 in renal cell apoptosis in COU and the involved molecular pathways. Obstructed kidneys in p53+/+, p53+/-, and p53-/- mice were examined at days 4, 7,(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR1) is expressed in cancer cell lines and tumors and, in pancreatic and colon cancer cells, activation of VEGFR1 is linked to increased tumor migration and invasiveness. Tolfenamic acid, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, decreases Sp protein expression in Panc-1 and L3.6pl pancreatic cancer cells, and(More)
The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), tolfenamic acid (TA) is emerging as a new anti-cancer agent. TA induces the degradation of specific Specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors, Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 which are associated with tumor growth and metastasis. In this study we have evaluated the effect of TA on lung cancer using both in vitro and in(More)
Elevated temperature rapidly increases expression of genes for heat shock proteins (HSP), including HSP-70. The response is presumably triggered by denaturation of cell proteins and helps in their renaturation. Hypertonicity may also denature proteins, but the protective response, which is accumulation of compatible organic osmolytes [including betaine and(More)
The mammalian counterpart of the fish calcium-regulating hormone stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) inhibits monocyte chemotactic protein-1- and stromal-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha)-mediated chemotaxis and diminishes chemokinesis in macrophage-like RAW264.7 and U937 cells in a manner that may involve attenuation of the intracellular calcium signal. STC1 is(More)
OBJECTIVE Our previous studies revealed upregulation of stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) in cardiac vessels in dilated cardiomyopathy. However, the functional significance of STC1 is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of STC1 on TNF-alpha-induced monolayer permeability of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs). METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is the most commonly used sweetener in the United States. Some studies show that HFCS consumption correlates with obesity and insulin resistance, while other studies are in disagreement. Owing to conflicting and insufficient scientific evidence, the safety of HFCS consumption remains controversial.(More)