Learn More
Previous studies have reported that uric acid stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation in vitro. We hypothesized that uric acid may also have direct proinflammatory effects on VSMCs. Crystal- and endotoxin-free uric acid was found to increase VSMC monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner,(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 has been shown to play a critical role in hypertensive nephropathy. We hypothesized that blocking TGF-beta1 signaling could attenuate renal fibrosis in a rat model of remnant kidney disease. Groups of six rats were subjected to 5/6 nephrectomy and received renal arterial injection of a doxycycline-regulated Smad7 gene(More)
In renal cells, hypertonicity induces genes for heat shock proteins (HSP70, alpha B-crystallin), as well as enzymes and transporters directly involved in the metabolism and transport of protective organic osmolytes. While heat shock proteins are induced by many stresses including osmotic stress, the induction of the osmolytes genes appears to be specific to(More)
Mammalian STC1 decreases the mobility of macrophages and diminishes their response to chemokines. In the current experiments, we sought to determine the impact of STC1 on energy metabolism and superoxide generation in mouse macrophages. STC1 decreases ATP level in macrophages but does not affect the activity of respiratory chain complexes I-IV. STC1 induces(More)
Chronic obstructive uropathy (COU) created by unilateral ureteric ligation is associated with increased renal cell apoptosis and p53 expression. Genetically engineered mice were used to examine the role of p53 in renal cell apoptosis in COU and the involved molecular pathways. Obstructed kidneys in p53+/+, p53+/-, and p53-/- mice were examined at days 4, 7,(More)
Defect in renal salt excretion may play an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. We examined sodium (Na+) uptake by brush border membrane (BBM) vesicles of young (6 week old) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) of the same age. SHR had lower urinary Na+ excretion (223.1 +/- 9.3 vs. 266.3 +/- 3.7(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR1) is expressed in cancer cell lines and tumors and, in pancreatic and colon cancer cells, activation of VEGFR1 is linked to increased tumor migration and invasiveness. Tolfenamic acid, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, decreases Sp protein expression in Panc-1 and L3.6pl pancreatic cancer cells, and(More)
Elevated temperature rapidly increases expression of genes for heat shock proteins (HSP), including HSP-70. The response is presumably triggered by denaturation of cell proteins and helps in their renaturation. Hypertonicity may also denature proteins, but the protective response, which is accumulation of compatible organic osmolytes [including betaine and(More)
We have previously shown that stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) inhibits the transendothelial migration of macrophages and T cells, suppresses superoxide generation in macrophages, and attenuates macrophage responses to chemoattractants. To study the effects of STC1 on inflammation, in this study we induced a macrophage- and T-cell-mediated model of anti-glomerular(More)
The main complication of acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) is frequent development of renal tumors, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Intratumoral deposition of calcium oxalate (CaOx) is a distinct feature of ACKD-associated RCCs, but several features of this type of RCC are not known. Features of the 30 end-stage renal disease (ESRD)-associated(More)