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Previous studies have reported that uric acid stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation in vitro. We hypothesized that uric acid may also have direct proinflammatory effects on VSMCs. Crystal- and endotoxin-free uric acid was found to increase VSMC monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner,(More)
Mammalian STC1 decreases the mobility of macrophages and diminishes their response to chemokines. In the current experiments, we sought to determine the impact of STC1 on energy metabolism and superoxide generation in mouse macrophages. STC1 decreases ATP level in macrophages but does not affect the activity of respiratory chain complexes I-IV. STC1 induces(More)
We have previously shown that stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) inhibits the transendothelial migration of macrophages and T cells, suppresses superoxide generation in macrophages, and attenuates macrophage responses to chemoattractants. To study the effects of STC1 on inflammation, in this study we induced a macrophage- and T-cell-mediated model of anti-glomerular(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (VEGFR1) is expressed in cancer cell lines and tumors and, in pancreatic and colon cancer cells, activation of VEGFR1 is linked to increased tumor migration and invasiveness. Tolfenamic acid, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, decreases Sp protein expression in Panc-1 and L3.6pl pancreatic cancer cells, and(More)
Differential display RT-PCR cloning method was applied to poly(A)(+) RNA isolated from Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells in isotonic or hypertonic medium. A differentially expressed 360-bp PCR fragment was isolated, subcloned, sequenced, and used to screen an MDCK cDNA library constructed in lambdaZapII. A composite sequence of two overlapping cDNA(More)
Glomerulomegaly is a histologic finding present in idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, congenital cyanotic heart disease, morbid obesity associated with sleep apnea syndrome, sickle cell disease, and polycythemic states. This study examines the case of a 34-yr-old woman with idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension who presented with nephrotic-range(More)
Cisplatin administration is frequently associated with renal insufficiency and tubular dysfunction. In this article, a case of massive cisplatin overdose as a result of an accidental substitution for carboplatin is reported. The patient developed oliguric renal failure, hepatotoxicity, ototoxicity, peripheral neuropathy, blindness, and severe(More)
Using morphological and molecular approaches, we characterized cisplatin-induced cell necrosis and apoptosis in rat kidney. Male Sprague-Dawley rats ( n=5 per group) received a single intraperitoneal injection of either cisplatin (5 mg/kg) or saline, and were killed on day 5. Functionally, cisplatin-treated rats developed polyuric acute renal failure.(More)
The adaptation to hypertonicity in mammalian cells is driven by multiple signaling pathways that include p38 kinase, Fyn, the catalytic subunit of PKA, ATM, and JNK2. In addition to the well-characterized tonicity enhancer (TonE)-TonE binding protein interaction, other transcription factors (and their respective cis elements) can potentially respond to(More)
Elevated temperature rapidly increases expression of genes for heat shock proteins (HSP), including HSP-70. The response is presumably triggered by denaturation of cell proteins and helps in their renaturation. Hypertonicity may also denature proteins, but the protective response, which is accumulation of compatible organic osmolytes [including betaine and(More)