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Previous studies have reported that uric acid stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation in vitro. We hypothesized that uric acid may also have direct proinflammatory effects on VSMCs. Crystal- and endotoxin-free uric acid was found to increase VSMC monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner,(More)
In the present study, we examined the effects of dopamine and angiotensin II (ANG II) in renal brush-border membrane (BBM). With isolated BBM vesicles, dopamine (> 10(-4) M) directly inhibited BBM 22Na+ uptake and activated phospholipase C (PLC). These effects were mimicked by DA1 agonist but not DA2 agonist and were prevented by DA1 antagonist but not DA2(More)
In macrophages, changes in intracellular calcium have been associated with activation of cellular processes that regulate cell adhesion and motility and are important for the response of macrophages to antigenic stimuli. The mammalian counterpart of the fish calcium-regulating hormone stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) is expressed in multiple organs including the(More)
The adaptation to hypertonicity in mammalian cells is driven by multiple signaling pathways that include p38 kinase, Fyn, the catalytic subunit of PKA, ATM, and JNK2. In addition to the well-characterized tonicity enhancer (TonE)-TonE binding protein interaction, other transcription factors (and their respective cis elements) can potentially respond to(More)
Mammalian STC1 decreases the mobility of macrophages and diminishes their response to chemokines. In the current experiments, we sought to determine the impact of STC1 on energy metabolism and superoxide generation in mouse macrophages. STC1 decreases ATP level in macrophages but does not affect the activity of respiratory chain complexes I-IV. STC1 induces(More)
Cardiomyocytes of the failing heart undergo profound phenotypic and structural changes that are accompanied by variations in the genetic program and profile of calcium homeostatic proteins. The underlying mechanisms for these changes remain unclear. Because the mammalian counterpart of the fish calcium-regulating hormone stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) is expressed(More)
The mammalian homolog of the fish calcium regulatory hormone stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) is ubiquitously expressed and likely functions in an autocrine/paracrine fashion. Mammalian STC1 does not appear to exert significant effects on serum calcium, and its physiological role remains to be determined. In macrophages, STC1 decreases intracellular calcium and cell(More)
Reactive oxygen species, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and mitogen-activated protein kinases have important roles in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion kidney injury. Stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) suppresses superoxide generation in many systems through the induction of mitochondrial uncoupling proteins and blocks the cytokine-induced rise in(More)
Aging is associated with severe thermogenic impairment, which contributes to obesity and diabetes in aging. We previously reported that ablation of the ghrelin receptor, growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS‐R), attenuates age‐associated obesity and insulin resistance. Ghrelin and obestatin are derived from the same preproghrelin gene. Here we showed(More)
Neonatal and adult cardiomyocytes were isolated from rat hearts. Some of the adult myocytes were cultured to allow for cell dedifferentiation, a phenomenon thought to mimic cell changes that occur in stressed myocardium, with myocytes regressing to a fetal pattern of metabolism and stellate neonatal shape.Using fluorescence deconvolution microscopy, cells(More)