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In this article, the 2010 European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with synthetic and biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (sDMARDs and bDMARDs, respectively) have been updated. The 2013 update has been developed by an international task force, which based its decisions mostly on(More)
Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may differ among rheumatologists and currently, clear and consensual international recommendations on RA treatment are not available. In this paper recommendations for the treatment of RA with synthetic and biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and glucocorticoids (GCs) that also account for(More)
Integrins are alphabeta heterodimeric receptors that mediate divalent cation-dependent cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion through tightly regulated interactions with ligands. We have solved the crystal structure of the extracellular portion of integrin alphaVbeta3 at 3.1 A resolution. Its 12 domains assemble into an ovoid "head" and two "tails." In the(More)
BACKGROUND Uncertainty exists about the efficacy and toxicity of bolus therapy with methylprednisolone or of the combination of methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide in the treatment of lupus nephritis. OBJECTIVE To determine 1) whether intensive bolus therapy with methylprednisolone is an adequate substitute for bolus therapy with cyclophosphamide and(More)
BACKGROUND Phase II trials of leflunomide, an inhibitor of de-novo pyrimidine synthesis, have shown efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis. This double-blind randomised trial compared leflunomide with placebo and sulphasalazine in active rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS 358 patients were randomly assigned leflunomide (100 mg daily on days 1-3, then 20 mg daily),(More)
OBJECTIVE The characteristic joint damage and disability of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) increase slowly over 10-20 yr. Although it is generally believed that persisting inflammatory synovitis causes joint damage and subsequent disability, the strength of their relationship has not been systematically evaluated. This review describes their progression and(More)
We previously reported the construction of a P1-derived artificial chromosome (PAC) contig encompassing a set of homozygous deletions of chromosome 16q23-24.1 found in primary ovarian tumor material and several tumor cell lines. Using these PAC clones in a cDNA selection experiment, we have isolated a Sau3A fragment homologous to the WWOX transcript(More)
The clinical manifestations of cholera are largely attributable to the actions of a secreted hexameric AB5 enterotoxin (choleragen). We have independently solved and refined the three-dimensional structure of choleragen at 2.5 A resolution. The structure of the crystalline toxin closely resembles that described for the heat-labile enterotoxin from(More)
Outcome of therapy, in terms of functional capacity, radiological measures of joint damage, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), rheumatoid factor, and mortality, was determined prospectively in 112 consecutive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated for 20 years at one centre, where a policy of active treatment was pursued with the use of gold,(More)
OBJECTIVE Muscles are essential components of our sensorimotor system that help maintain balance and perform a smooth gait, but it is unclear whether arthritic damage adversely affects muscle sensorimotor function. Quadriceps sensorimotor function in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) was investigated, and whether these changes were associated with(More)