David Santos

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In this paper we employed phospholipid Langmuir monolayers as membrane models to probe interactions with chitosan. Using a combination of surface pressure--area and surface potential--area isotherms and rheological measurements with the pendent drop technique, we observed that chitosan interacts with phospholipid molecules at the air-water interface. We(More)
A method to obtain (Z)-beta,gamma-unsaturated nitriles in high or good yields and with moderate or high stereoselectivity is described. The products were achieved through the photoinduced metalation of 3-acetoxy-4-chloronitriles with SmI2. The starting compounds were readily prepared, and a mechanism is proposed to explain this stereoselective(More)
In modern societies, due to the high crime rates and high traffic accidents the feeling of insecurity and threat is increasing. The need for the establishment of defence and prevention mechanisms has encouraged studies to develop automatic recognition systems, which should, for example, have the ability to recognize vehicles at a certain distance.
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is associated with higher cardiovascular risk partly related to an increase in inflammatory parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the association of inflammatory biomarkers with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) subfraction phenotype and glycemic control in subjects with T2D and poor glycemic control. (More)
A real time room acoustics auralization system for arbitrarily shaped rooms is presented. The system is based on an accelerated image source method and a time-dependent radiosity method for the computation of the complete binaural room impulse response. The auralization module is implemented as a wide band frequency dependence system. Elements such as wall(More)
Hepatic lipase (HL) and endothelial lipase (EL) are negative regulators of plasma HDL cholesterol (HDLc) levels and presumably could affect two main HDL atheroprotective functions, macrophage-to-feces reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) and HDL antioxidant properties. In this study, we assessed the effects of both HL and EL deficiency on macrophage-specific(More)
Promotion of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) is thought to be a major HDL-mediated mechanism for protecting against atherosclerosis. Preclinical studies support the concept that increasing cholesterol efflux from macrophages may confer atheroprotective benefits independently of the plasma HDL-cholesterol concentration. The application of the(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-β/δ has emerged as a promising therapeutic target for treating dyslipidemia, including beneficial effects on HDL cholesterol (HDL-C). In the current study, we determined the effects of the PPAR-β/δ agonist GW0742 on HDL composition and the expression of liver HDL-related genes in mice and cultured human(More)
The aim of this study is to immobilize an enzyme, namely, organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH), and to detect the presence of paraoxon, which is an organophosphorus compound, using the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition technique. To lift the OPH from the solid substrate, a pair of polyelectrolytes (positively charged chitosan (CS) and negatively charged(More)
Chitosan incorporated in the aqueous subphase is found to affect the Langmuir monolayers of cholesterol, causing the surface pressure and the surface potential isotherms to become more expanded. The mean molecular area per cholesterol molecule in the condensed monolayer increases from 53 Å in the absence of chitosan to 61 Å for a concentration of 0.100(More)