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5'-Nucleotidase activity was assayed in 105,000-g supernatants from rat brain by following conversion of [3H]AMP into adenosine. The effect of ATP on this process was complex and suggested the presence of at least two soluble 5'-nucleotidase activities: one inhibited by ATP and another activated by ATP. The relative proportions of these activities differed(More)
Palmitate increased AMPK (5'-AMP-activated protein kinase) activity, glucose utilization and 2-DOG (2-deoxyglucose) transport in rat adipocytes. All three effects were blocked by the AMPK inhibitor Compound C, leading to the conclusion that in response to an increase in long-chain NEFA (non-esterified fatty acid) concentration AMPK mediated an enhancement(More)
Mitochondria were isolated from liver, heart and skeletal muscle of a 34-day-old female infant who died from a myopathic illness. Muscle biopsy showed lipid accumulation and no obvious pathology in any other organ. Enzymatic analysis of skeletal muscle extracts revealed normal activities of the markers pyruvate dehydrogenase and citrate synthase.(More)
1. Rats (4 weeks old) were made hypothyroid by treatment with propylthiouracil and a low-iodine diet for a further period of 4 weeks. Synaptosomal membranes, myelin and 105,000 g soluble fractions were obtained from six regions of the brain. 2. Hypothyroidism resulted in 2-5-fold increases in membrane-bound 5'-nucleotidase activity in synaptosomal fractions(More)
1. Rats (4 weeks old) were made hypothyroid by treatment with propylthiouracil together with a low-iodine diet for a further period of 4 weeks. Synaptosomal membranes were obtained from six anatomical regions of the brain. 2. The abundances in these membranes of the G-protein alpha-subunits Gi1 alpha, Gi2 alpha and Go alpha were measured by quantitative(More)
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