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Angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from NAD(P)H oxidases. The upstream signaling mechanisms by which Ang II activates these oxidases are unclear but may include protein kinase C, tyrosine kinases, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, and Rac, a small molecular weight(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the development of cardiovascular pathologies. NAD(P)H oxidases (Noxes) are major sources of reactive oxygen species in the vessel wall, but the importance of individual Nox homologues in specific layers of the vascular wall is unclear. Nox1 upregulation has been implicated in cardiovascular(More)
We have previously implicated calcium entry through stretch-activated cation channels in initiating the acute pulmonary vascular permeability increase in response to high peak inflation pressure (PIP) ventilation. However, the molecular identity of the channel is not known. We hypothesized that the transient receptor potential vanilloid-4 (TRPV4) channel(More)
Protein levels and polymorphisms of p22(phox) have been suggested to modulate vascular NAD(P)H oxidase activity and vascular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We sought to determine whether increasing p22(phox) expression would alter vascular ROS production and hemodynamics by targeting p22(phox) expression to smooth muscle in transgenic (Tg)(More)
Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in several vascular pathologies associated with vascular smooth muscle hypertrophy. In the current studies, we utilized transgenic (Tg) mice (Tg(p22smc)) that overexpress the p22(phox) subunit of NAD(P)H oxidase selectively in smooth muscle. These mice have a twofold increase in aortic p22(phox)(More)
3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) is a signal integrator that activates the AGC superfamily of serine/threonine kinases. PDK1 is phosphorylated on tyrosine by oxidants, although its regulation by agonists that stimulate G-protein-coupled receptor signaling pathways and the physiological consequences of tyrosine phosphorylation in this(More)
Protein levels and polymorphisms of p22 phox have been suggested to modulate vascular NADPH oxidase activity and vascular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We sought to determine if increasing p22 phox expression would alter vascular ROS production and hemodynamics by targeting p22 phox expression to smooth muscle in transgenic mice. Aortas of Tg(More)
We previously reported that the cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA2) pathway is involved in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) produced by high peak inflation pressures (PIP) (J Appl Physiol 98: 1264-1271, 2005), but the relative contributions of the various downstream products of cPLA2 on the acute permeability response were not determined. Therefore,(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that cofilin activation by members of the slingshot (SSH) phosphatase family is a key mechanism regulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and neoinitima formation following vascular injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Scratch wound and modified Boyden chamber assays were used to assess VSMC migration following(More)
We hypothesized that transgenic mice overexpressing the p22(phox) subunit of the NADPH oxidase selectively in smooth muscle (Tg(p22smc)) would exhibit an exacerbated response to transluminal carotid injury compared to wild-type mice. To examine the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as a mediator of vascular injury, the injury response was quantified by(More)