David S Waugh

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Although it is usually possible to achieve a favorable yield of a recombinant protein in Escherichia coli, obtaining the protein in a soluble, biologically active form continues to be a major challenge. Sometimes this problem can be overcome by fusing an aggregation-prone polypeptide to a highly soluble partner. To study this phenomenon in greater detail,(More)
Because of its stringent sequence specificity, the catalytic domain of the nuclear inclusion protease from tobacco etch virus (TEV) is a useful reagent for cleaving genetically engineered fusion proteins. However, a serious drawback of TEV protease is that it readily cleaves itself at a specific site to generate a truncated enzyme with greatly diminished(More)
BACKGROUND Aquifex aeolicus Ribonuclease III (Aa-RNase III) belongs to the family of Mg(2+)-dependent endonucleases that show specificity for double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). RNase III is conserved in all known bacteria and eukaryotes and has 1-2 copies of a 9-residue consensus sequence, known as the RNase III signature motif. The bacterial RNase III proteins(More)
Members of the ribonuclease III (RNase III) family are double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) specific endoribonucleases characterized by a signature motif in their active centers and a two-base 3' overhang in their products. While Dicer, which produces small interfering RNAs, is currently the focus of intense interest, the structurally simpler bacterial RNase III(More)
Proteins do not naturally lend themselves to high-throughput analysis because of their diverse physiochemical properties. Consequently, affinity tags have become indispensable tools for structural and functional proteomics initiatives. Although originally developed to facilitate the detection and purification of recombinant proteins, in recent years it has(More)
We determined at 2.3 A resolution the crystal structure of prophytepsin, a zymogen of a barley vacuolar aspartic proteinase. In addition to the classical pepsin-like bilobal main body of phytepsin, we also traced most of the propeptide, as well as an independent plant-specific domain, never before described in structural terms. The structure revealed that,(More)
Affinity tags have become indispensable tools for protein expression and purification. Yet, because they have the potential to interfere with structural and functional studies, it is usually desirable to remove them from the target protein. The stringent sequence specificity of the tobacco etch virus (TEV) protease has made it a useful reagent for this(More)
Secretion of Yop effector proteins by the Yersinia pestis plasmid pCD1-encoded type III secretion system (T3SS) is regulated in response to specific environmental signals. Yop secretion is activated by contact with a eukaryotic cell or by growth at 37 degrees C in the absence of calcium. The secreted YopN protein, the SycN/YscB chaperone and TyeA form a(More)
Ribonuclease III (RNase III) represents a family of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) endonucleases. The simplest bacterial enzyme contains an endonuclease domain (endoND) and a dsRNA binding domain (dsRBD). RNase III can affect RNA structure and gene expression in either of two ways: as a dsRNA-processing enzyme that cleaves dsRNA, or as a dsRNA binding protein(More)
A versatile plasmid vector was designed to direct the synthesis of recombinant proteins in either one of two forms that will be biotinylated in Escherichia coli with high efficiency at a single, unique site. The protein of interest can be produced with a peptide substrate for E. coli biotin holoenzyme synthetase (BirA) joined directly to its N terminus, or(More)