David S. Vogel

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There is a substantial disagreement in the existing literature regarding which hemisphere of the brain controls spatial abilities. In an attempt to resolve this dispute, we conducted a meta-analysis to decipher which hemisphere truly dominates and under what circumstances. It was found that across people and situations, the right hemisphere is the more(More)
The performance of search engines crucially depends on their ability to capture the meaning of a query most likely intended by the user. We study the problem of mapping a search engine query to those nodes of a given subject taxonomy that characterize its most likely meanings. We describe the architecture of a classification system that uses a web directory(More)
The MDM-2 (murine double minute 2) gene codes for a cellular protein that can bind to the p53 tumor suppressor gene product, thereby functioning as a negative regulator of p53. In order to define the role of the MDM-2 gene in the pathogenesis of human acute myeloid leukemia, the expression and the sequence of the MDM-2 gene were examined in samples of bone(More)
Crocodilian hemoglobin has a high intrinsic oxygen affinity but does not react with those organic phosphate esters that normally control the oxygen affinity of blood in higher vertebrates. Instead, its oxygen affinity is greatly lowered by CO2. The present study was undertaken to determine the nature of the CO2 binding to the hemoglobin of a crocodilian(More)
The effects of the POMC-derived peptide CLIP [corticotropin-like intermediate lobe peptide; ACTH(18-39)] and its shorter fragments ACTH(25-39), ACTH(18-24), and ACTH(20-24) on sleep were investigated in rats housed under normal 12-h light/12-h dark conditions (0600 light on). CLIP (10 ng) or equimolar doses of CLIP fragments, respectively, were injected(More)
This 2004 KDD Cup presents a perfect case where the usual neural network objective functions do not apply. While the contest problem consisted of 4 different entries with 4 different objective functions, this paper will focus on the solution optimizing GRMSE (Grouped Root Mean Squared Error). It will be shown that the more typical objective functions(More)
p53 is one of the most frequently mutated genes in human cancers. Since p53 has been implicated in lymphatic and some myeloid leukemias, such as the blastic phase of chronic myelogeneous leukemia, we sought to address the role of p53 gene mutations within exons 4–9 in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), a myeloid preleukemic condition. In order to avoid the(More)
In addition to antiviral effects, Type I interferons (IFN) have potent antiproliferative and immunomodulatory activities. Because of these properties IFNs have been evaluated as therapeutics for the treatment of a number of human diseases, including cancer. Currently, IFNs have been shown to be efficacious for the treatment of only a select number of(More)
Hepsin is a type II transmembrane serine protease that is expressed in normal liver, and at lower levels in kidney, pancreas, and testis. Several studies have shown that hepsin mRNA is significantly elevated in most prostate tumors, as well as a significant fraction of ovarian and renal cell carcinomas and hepatomas. Although the overexpression of mRNA in(More)
The EphA2 receptor tyrosine kinase has been shown to be over-expressed in cancer and a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that activates and down-modulates EphA2 was reported to inhibit the growth of human breast and lung tumor xenografts in nude mice. Reduction of EphA2 levels by treatment with anti-EphA2 siRNA also inhibited tumor growth, suggesting that the(More)