David S Velenovsky

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PURPOSE Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder, or ANSD, can be a confusing diagnosis to physicians, clinicians, those diagnosed, and parents of children diagnosed with the condition. The purpose of this review is to provide the reader with an understanding of the disorder, the limitations in current tools to determine site(s) of lesion, and management(More)
Cellular laminae within the tonotopically organized ventral division of the medial geniculate body (MGV) of the cat have been proposed as the anatomical substrate for physiologically defined isofrequency contours. In most species, the laminae are not visible with routine Nissl stains, but are defined by the dendritic fields of principal cells and the(More)
Several functional maps have been described in primary auditory cortex, including those related to frequency, tuning, latency, binaurality, and intensity. Many of these maps are arranged in a discontinuous or patchy manner. Similarly, thalamocortical projections arising from the ventral division of the medial geniculate body to the primary auditory cortex(More)
The human auditory system has an exceptional ability to separate competing sounds, but the neural mechanisms that underlie this ability are not understood. Responses of inferior colliculus (IC) neurons to "mistuned" complex tones were measured to investigate possible neural mechanisms for spectral segregation. A mistuned tone is a harmonic complex tone in(More)
It has been proposed that OAEs be classified not on the basis of the stimuli used to evoke them, but on the mechanisms that produce them (Shera and Guinan, 1999). One branch of this taxonomy focuses on a coherent reflection model and explicitly describes interrelationships between spontaneous emissions (SOAEs) and stimulus-frequency emissions (SFOAEs). The(More)
A laminar organization composed of the dendritic fields of principal neurons and afferent axonal arbors has been proposed as the anatomical substrate for the frequency map at several levels of the mammalian central auditory system, including the inferior colliculus and medial geniculate body (MGB). In contrast to the auditory thalamus in most mammals, the(More)
Although there is evidence for multiple classes of thalamic relay neurons in the auditory thalamus, correlative anatomical and physiological studies are lacking. We have used the juxtacellular labeling technique, in conjunction with Nissl, Golgi, and immunocytochemical methods, to study the morphology and response properties of cells in the ventral division(More)
The tectorial membrane (TM) is widely believed to play an important role in determining the ear's ability to detect and resolve incoming acoustic information. While it is still unclear precisely what that role is, the TM has been hypothesized to help overcome viscous forces and thereby sharpen mechanical tuning of the sensory cells. Lizards present a unique(More)
A model of auditory thalamic organization is presented incorporating cellular laminae, oriented dendritic arbors and tectothalamic axons as a basis for the tonotopic map at this level of the central auditory system. The heart of this model is the laminar organization of neuronal somata in the ventral division of the medial geniculate body (MGV) of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the bandwidth or loudness of a contralateral stimulus is the most important factor in evoking suppression of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). TEOAEs were measured in both ears of 10 women in quiet and in the presence of one of three contralateral noise bands; narrow band (NB), wide band (WB)(More)