David S. Thain

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The feasibility and economic value of DNA paternity identification were investigated and illustrated using Nevada beef cattle operations. A panel of 15 microsatellites was genotyped in 2,196 animals from 8 ranches with a total of 31,571 genotypes. Probabilities of exclusion for each marker within ranch and across ranches were computed. Joint probabilities(More)
Context. Contraception is increasingly used as a management technique to reduce fertility in wildlife populations; however, the feasibility of contraceptive formulations has been limited until recently because they have required multiple treatments to achieve prolonged infertility. Aims. We tested the efficacy and evaluated potential side effects of two(More)
A growing number of studies conducted on diverse taxa have shown that extra-pair/group paternity is higher than what would be predicted from behavioral observations alone. While it may be beneficial for females to mate with multiple males, this often results in offspring not sired by the behavioral father, which could influence offspring survival,(More)
OBJECTIVE CD34(+) cells, present within the bone marrow, have previously been shown to possess pancreatic endocrine potential. Based on this observation, we explored the capacity of CD34(+) cells derived in culture from the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESC), for their in vivo pancreatic endocrine capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sheep(More)
OBJECTIVE We and many others have long used sheep as a predictive model system in which to explore stem cell transplantation. Unfortunately, while numerous markers are available to identify and isolate human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), no reagents exist that allow HSC/progenitors from sheep to be identified or purified, greatly impeding the application(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the sheep xenograft model of human hematopoiesis can be used to mimic mobilization of human hematopoietic stem cells in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sheep transplanted with 3.6 x 10(6) CD34+ from human adult bone marrow were mobilized 1.5 years posttransplantation with human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for 5 days.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) derived from human fetal pancreatic tissue (pMSC) would engraft and differentiate in sheep pancreas following transplantation in utero. MATERIALS AND METHODS A three-step culture system was established for generating human fetal pMSC. Sheep fetuses were transplanted during the fetal transplant(More)
OBJECTIVE The biologic explanation for fetal receptivity to donor engraftment and subsequent long-term tolerance following transplantation early in gestation is not known. We investigated the role fetal immune ontogeny might play in fetal transplantation tolerance in sheep. METHODS Engraftment of allogeneic and xenogeneic HSC was determined 60 days(More)
A novel method for haplotype phasing in families after joint estimation of recombination fraction and linkage disequilibrium is developed. Results from Monte Carlo computer simulations show that the newly developed E.M. algorithm is accurate if true recombination fraction is 0 even for single families of relatively small sizes. Estimates of recombination(More)
Grazing ability is difficult to record in animals under free-ranging conditions without sophisticated methods. Alternatively, grazing ability may be indirectly inferred from changes in BW and production characteristics during the grazing period. The present study investigated the effect of grazing on resource-limited rangelands on BW, wool characteristics,(More)