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Chemokines may play a role in leukocyte migration across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during neuroinflammation and other neuropathological processes, such as epilepsy. We investigated the role of the chemokine receptor CCR5 in seizures. We used a rat model based on intraperitoneal kainic acid (KA) administration. Four months before KA injection, adult rats(More)
Many applications of gene delivery require long-term transgene expression. In dividing cells, this result necessitates vector genome persistence, usually by integrating into cellular DNA. Since recombinant gene delivery vectors derived from tag-deleted, replication-incompetent simian virus-40 (SV40) provide for long-term transgene expression in resting and(More)
Gene transfer to the central nervous system (CNS) has been approached using various vectors. Recombinant SV40-derived vectors (rSV40s) transduce neurons and microglia effectively in vitro, so we tested rSV40s gene transfer to the CNS in vivo, and characterized the distribution, duration and cell types transduced. We used rSV40s carrying Human(More)
SV40 was used to transduce gene expression in vitro and in vivo. Using cloned SV40 genome, we replaced large T antigen gene (Tag) with a polylinker, and inserted firefly luciferase, controlled by SV40 early promoter. Transfection into Tag-expressing cells yielded Tag-deficient virus, SVluc. SVluc was Tag-deficient and therefore replication-deficient in(More)
CCR3 has been implicated as a co-receptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), particularly in brain microglia cells. We sought to clarify the comparative roles of CCR3 and CCR5 in the central nervous system (CNS) HIV-1 infection and the potential utility of CCR3 as a target for manipulation via gene transfer. To target CCR3, we developed a(More)
Pulmonary effluent samples were obtained from 26 preterm or term infants throughout the period of endotracheal intubation. Infants with respiratory distress syndrome, infants with this disorder developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and intubated infants without lung disease were compared daily in terms of lung effluent cellularity, albumin, elastase(More)
The incidental finding of hyalinized glomeruli in otherwise normal infant kidneys is referred to as congenital glomerulosclerosis. Two infants had extensive glomerulosclerosis manifested by nephrotic syndrome, severe oliguria, and progressive renal failure. Both patients were believed to have had intrauterine infections. These two cases have unequivocally(More)
In an attempt to restore functional surfactant to the lungs of patients with the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we have treated six patients within the first 2 days of the onset of ARDS with a single dose of hydrophobic components of porcine surfactant. Surfactant (4 g in 50 ml) delivered via a bronchoscope in aliquots to each of the lobar(More)
Shope fibroma virus (SFV) causes a localized, self-limited, fibroblastic proliferation in adult rabbits. Extracts of Shope fibroma tumors were found to contain a second virus that induces a rapidly progressive disseminated tumor. Dissemination of this malignant fibroma is associated with activation of commensal mucosal infection with Pasteurella multocida,(More)