David S. Sigman

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A 6 M guanidine-HCl/0.2 M EDTA solution was used to lyse and store whole blood specimens. DNA stored in guanidine-EDTA-blood (GEB) lysate was found to be undegraded after incubation at 37 degrees C for 1 month, suggesting that this represents an appropriate reagent for transport of blood samples from the field to a laboratory for analysis. Trypanosoma cruzi(More)
The Fis protein from Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium regulates many diverse reactions including recombination, transcription, and replication and is one of the most abundant DNA binding proteins present in the cell under certain physiological conditions. As a specific regulator, Fis binds to discrete sites that are poorly related in primary(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gene expression is regulated by both general transcription factors and factors induced by activation of T lymphocytes such as NF-kappa B and the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT). Within the HIV long terminal repeat (LTR), two purine-rich domains between nucleotides -283 and -195 have homology to a regulatory(More)
Protein-DNA complexes isolated in gel retardation assays can be digested within the acrylamide matrix by the nuclease activity of 1,10-phenanthroline-copper ion (OP-Cu). When the oligonucleotide products are eluted and analyzed on a sequencing gel, a footprint of the DNA-protein complex is obtained. Therefore, any protein-DNA complex isolated by the widely(More)
The self-complementing dodecamer 5'-CGCGAATTCGCG-3' and its complexes with the antibiotic netropsin and the restriction endonuclease EcoRI provide substrates of known three-dimensional structure to study the stereochemistry and mechanism of the artificial nuclease of 1,10-phenanthroline-copper ion [(OP)2Cu+]. Analysis of the reaction products with the(More)
The tryptophan gene (trp) repressor of Escherichia coli has been converted into a site-specific nuclease by covalently attaching it to the 1,10-phenanthroline-copper complex. In its cuprous form, the coordination complex with hydrogen peroxide as a coreactant cleaves DNA by oxidatively attacking the deoxyribose moiety. The chemistry for the attachment of(More)
The artificial DNase activity of the 1,10-phenanthroline-cuprous ion complex [(OP)2Cu+] and H2O2 cleaves the A, B, and Z forms of DNA at different rates. The B structure, formed by most DNAs including poly(dA-dT) and poly(dA) X poly(dT), is the most susceptible to cleavage. It is completely degraded within 1 min by 40 microM 1,10-phenanthroline/4 microM(More)