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Methionine synthase reductase (MSR) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of folate/cobalamin metabolism leading to hyperhomocysteinemia, hypo- methioninemia and megaloblastic anemia. Deficiency in MSR activity occurs as the result of a defect in the MSR enzyme, which is required for the reductive activation of methionine synthase (MS). MS itself is(More)
Gestational folate deficiency has been associated with abnormal growth and development in both experimental animal and human studies and has been postulated as a putative mechanism for the teratogenic effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Animal studies have shown that the administration of AEDs results in folate depletion and teratogenic effects. Attempts(More)
The following review indicates that the impact of cobalamin on neurologic disease extends far beyond the traditional myelopathy of classical pernicious anemia. The delineation of a broad spectrum of inherited disorders of cobalamin processing has served to illustrate and precisely define each step in the normal absorption, transport and intracellular(More)
Methionine synthase catalyzes the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine in a methylcobalamin-dependent reaction. We used specific regions of homology within the methionine synthase sequences of several lower organisms to clone a human methionine synthase cDNA by a combination of RT-PCR and inverse PCR. The enzyme is 1265 amino acids in length and(More)
AIM To investigate genetic heterogeneity within the cblA class of inborn error of cobalamin metabolism. CONTEXT The cblA disorder is characterised by vitamin B12 (cobalamin) responsive methylmalonic aciduria and deficient synthesis of adenosylcobalamin, required for activity of the mitochondrial enzyme methylmalonyl CoA mutase. The cblA gene has not been(More)
Two adult brothers, one documented to have methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria, or cobalamin C deficiency, after autopsy, displayed severe but divergent neurological presentations. One exhibited a myelopathy and the other chronic endocrine problems (Schmidt's syndrome) followed by a neuropsychiatric and dementing disorder owing to cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND Combined Malonic and Methylmalonic Aciduria (CMAMMA) is a rare recessive inborn error of metabolism characterised by elevations of urine malonic acid (MA) and methylmalonic acid (MMA). Nearly all reported cases are caused by malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MCD) deficiency. Most patients have metabolic acidosis, developmental delay, seizures and(More)
BACKGROUND 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) deficiency is an inborn error of the folate-recycling pathway that affects the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. The clinical presentation of MTHFR deficiency is highly variable ranging from early neurological deterioration and death in infancy to a mild thrombophilia in adults. (More)
Apoliprotein E (apoE) is associated with Alzheimer's neurofibrillary tangles and beta-amyloid protein in senile plaques. Recent studies have shown an increased frequency of the epsilon 4 allele of the apoE gene in familial and sporadic cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present case control study, we have determined the apoE genotype by(More)