David S. Plurad

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The purpose of this study was to examine the epidemiology and outcomes of posttraumatic upper (UEA) and lower extremity amputations (LEA). The National Trauma Databank version 5 was used to identify all posttraumatic amputations. From 2000 to 2004 there were 8910 amputated patients (1.0% of all trauma patients). Of these, 6855 (76.9%) had digit and 2055(More)
BACKGROUND Time aspects of coagulopathy following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) are ill defined throughout the literature. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the time course of coagulopathy following isolated sTBI and its relationship to in-hospital outcomes. METHODS Retrospective analysis of patients sustaining isolated sTBI (head AIS 3,(More)
The effect of alcohol ingestion on short-term outcomes for trauma patients is indeterminate. Experimental and clinical reports often conflict. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of positive alcohol screens, the effect of alcohol ingestion on injury patterns, severity, and outcomes in patients who were involved in motor vehicle(More)
HYPOTHESIS The use of liberal whole body imaging (pan scan) in patients based on mechanism is warranted, even in evaluable patients with no obvious signs of chest or abdominal injury. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Academic level I trauma center. PATIENTS All patients admitted following blunt multisystem trauma. INTERVENTION Pan(More)
INTRODUCTION Few previous studies have been conducted on the severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI)-associated coagulopathy in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of sTBI coagulopathy in a pediatric cohort and to evaluate its impact on outcomes. METHODS Retrospective analysis of pediatric patients (younger than(More)
BACKGROUND Bicycle riding is a popular recreational activity and a common mode of transportation. Impact with a motor vehicle, however, has the potential to result in significant injury to the rider. The magnitude of this problem, the incidence and types of injuries, and the effect of age on these variables are poorly defined in the literature. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury is a common cause of death after traumatic insults. Alcohol intoxication is a recognized contributor to the occurrence of these injuries. The specific effects of alcohol exposure on injury severity and subsequent outcomes, however, remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between blood(More)
BACKGROUND Physical assault is common in trauma patients. Penetrating injuries resulting from interpersonal violence have been well described in literature, but there have been few studies examining the injury patterns due to assaults with hands and feet or blunt instruments. METHODS The Trauma Registry of an American College of Surgeons Level I center(More)
BACKGROUND Literature on the effect of alcohol ingestion on short-term outcomes for trauma patients shows conflicting results. We performed this study to investigate the prevalence of positive alcohol screens and the effect of alcohol level on injury patterns, injury severity, and outcomes in pedestrians and bicyclists involved in a collision with an(More)
BACKGROUND Although infrequent, injury to the common or external iliac artery in association with pelvic fractures can be devastating, and descriptive data are lacking. This study was performed to determine the incidence, injury patterns, and outcomes of blunt iliac artery injuries (BIAIs) in association with moderate or severe pelvic fractures. METHODS(More)