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Arteriograms were examined in three limbs of two patients who had talipes equinovarus. An abnormal arterial pattern characterized by severe diminution in the size of the anterior tibial artery and diminution or absence of the dorsalis pedis artery was evident. Inasmuch as one of these patients was preambulatory, the arterial malformation is congenital and(More)
  • D S Packard
  • 1980
A simple, reliable method for the in vitro cultivation of snapping turtle embryos was demonstrated. This technique was used to study somite formation in explants containing segmental plates. Segmental plates formed a full complement of somites whether the neural tube or the neural tube and notochord was present. Explanted snapping turtle segmental plates(More)
The ability of unsegmented paraxial mesoderm from Japanese quail embryos to form somites was studied by culturing pieces of embryos, containing the segmental plates, on an agar medium. In the first experiments, two explants were prepared from each donor embryo. Both explants contained a segmental plate and neural tube, but only one contained notochord. The(More)
One class of hypotheses proposed to explain the anterior to posterior sequence of chick somite formation envisions the movement of morphogenetic substances or processes along the segmental plate prior to somite formation. An effort was made to demonstrate any such phenomena in the region of somite formation by placing grafts that contained forming somites(More)
The segmental plate mesoderm of chicken and Japanese quail embryos HH stages 9 to 16 was studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging. The segmental plates were found to exhibit a metameric pattern consisting of tandemly stacked somitomeres. It was found that the numbers of somitomeres in segmental plates removed from the same embryo were nearly(More)
This prospective study used pulsed color-flow Doppler sonography to determine differences in the presence and direction of flow through the dorsalis pedis, posterior tibial, and peroneal arteries in a group of children with clubfoot and a comparison group of controls. There was a statistically significant difference in the prevalence of deficient (absent or(More)
Preoperative angiography in 30 uncorrected clubfeet demonstrated abnormal vascular patterns in all but two limbs with hypoplasia or premature termination of the anterior tibial and medial plantar arteries in the remainder. Postoperative Doppler studies in nine of the limbs with abnormal vessels indicated that these arteries were present. We suggest that the(More)